Noah Adam The Junior

- Published in The Muslim World Legue Journal Vol 37 On September 2010

Allah sent Prophets to guide the people. After Prophet Adam the father of mankind, Noah (peace be upon him) is a great historical figure. Ibn Khatir, a famous historian and an exegete said, Noah was sent towards all the people of the earth after Adam. Noah is eighth in lineage from Adam. Ibn Abbas said Noah was assigned prophethood in his forties and continued his call to forsake idol worship and to worship only God the Unique for nine hundred and fifty years.

Noah had to face severe opposition and enmity from his people. Ibn Abbas said. Noah s folk used beat and thrash him till he fell unconscious, and then they used to throw him in a pit thinking him to be dead, next day he would appear again to give them the call to believe in God the Unique, the Gracious This happened all through the 950 years. Noah entreated Allah saying,

O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day. But all my calling added nothing but to (their) fight (from the truth). And Verily, everytime I called unto them that you might forgive them, they thrust their fingers in to their years, covered themselves up their garments and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. (Qur’an, 71:5-7)

Noah continued his call generation after generation and the next century used to be more severe then the previous one. They got more and more stern in rejecting his call but his people were so adamant and drowned in polytheism that they did not yield to his call instead their atrocities increased. Having become totally dejected Noah called his Lord,

My Lord leave not one of disbelievers on the earth! If you leave them, they will mislead your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers. (Qur’an 71:26-27)

Allah accepted his call and revealed to him,

None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they use to do. (Qur’an 11:36)

Noha's Ark

Allah directed Noah, and build you the ark (ship) under Our Eyes and with Our Revelation (Qur’an, 11:37) Noah started to build the ship on the land as Allah directed him. He did not know how to build a ship. Al-Seouti in his Book Al-Dur Al-Manthur reported that the Angels told him how to build a ship. Ibn Abbas reported that its length was 300 cubit (and ancient linear unit based on the length of the fore arm till shoulder) and its width was fifty cubit and its height was 30 cubit. It had three stories. In the lowest level he kept animal and beasts of prey and reptiles. On the second level he kept animals that are used for ridding and cattle. On the top he preserved water and food stuff and his family and his followers. It is also said the birds on the top and the water reservoir was 4 cubits in height. There were three gates one on each story.

And he was building the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him they mocked at him. (Qur’an, 11:38). They used to say, he called himself a prophet, but became a carpenter. Some used to ask O Noah! What are you making, he said it is a house which shall sail in water, they used to laugh at his saying you built it on the land to float in water as there was no water in sight. He replied to them, you will know it.

Ibn Abbas said, in the ship were 80 persons and with Noah were his wife and his three sons. They were Shem, Ham, Japeth.

The scholars said their was very heavy torrential rain for forty days and nights and the water gushed forth from the earth. Allah said: we opened the gates of the heaven with water pouring forth. And we caused springs to gush forth from the earth. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met and rose to the extent predestined.

Deluge during Noah's tim was world's catastrophe

Few orientalists have denied that the deluge was not world s cataclysm. We shal see that their version is opposed to the Holy Book the Qur’an: (so it was) till when our command came and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth), we said: Embark therein of each kind, pair (of two) (the male and female) and your family, except those about whom the Word (the decree) has preceded, and those who believe but none believed with him except a few.

Ibn Abbas explaining Arabic wort Al-Tannur said it refers to the earth s surface. The springs from the entire earth gushed forth till the water burst out even from the ovens. Ibn Khatir said: this opinion is held by most of the old scholars.

  • Allah ordered Noah to load in the ship a pair of every kind. Al-Imam Al-Baghwi said: pair means male and female attached with each other.

Noah said O Allah! How could I load them in the ship. So Allah gathered for him all the animals, beast of prey, vermin and birds of all kinds. The male of each kind came to his right hand and female to his left, he shipped all of them. Ibn Masud (Allah be pleased with him) reported Noah (peace be upon him) couldn’t ship the lion. Noah said: O Allah how could I ship the lion and feed it. So Allah made it to suffer with fever. Alah told him: I will distract him from eating. Similarly the elephants were distracted from eating. I think dinosaurs couldn’t be shipped, hence their specie was annihilated.

  • 2-Al-Qurtubi said: Arabic Zaujain means pair (of two) and every specie is called a pair, as Allah said: (The earth) put forth every pair in its growth. (22:5) The word Zauj (pair) occurs often in the sense of species mentioning the fact that every growth of the earth exists as male and female (36:36). Al-Imam Al-Razi said: There is no particular reference to vegetation, but the people are in dire need of vegetation, hence Allah provided all kinds of vegetation in the ship which earth grows.
  • 3-Noah stood calling his people for 950 years. It is not possible, he sat in one or two towns for all these long years but he definitely traversed all the habitations of the earth calling people to believe in Allah the Unique and give away idol worship. The whole earth was not inhabited except few places. Further, it must be recollected that Adam was 60 foot tall and the People of Aad who came after the deluge, their length had reched about 100 feet. Therefore a man of length in between 60 and 100 feet could easily traverse the earth in such a long duration with which Allah favoured Noah (peace be upon him).
  • 4-In this long duration Prophet Noah only faced disappointment. Ibn Abbas said: Only eighty persons had believed and embarked the ship. He used to give his call to generation after generation but they believe in him, then he besought Allah: Leave not on of the disbelievers on the earth. If you leave them, they will mislead Your slaves and will beget none but wicked disbelievers. (Qur'an, 71:26-27). Ibn Khatir explaining the verse said: leave not on the earth not any one of them and nor any habitation. A severe negative version is used in the verse.
  • 5-Al-Qurtubi wrote in his commentary: Ibn Abbas said: Prophet Noah is like Adam the Junior. All the people are from progeny. There hadn’t been any one in the ship except his posterity. The Qur’an said: And We made his progeny the survivors (on the earth). (Qur’an, 37:77)
  • 6-Al-Imam Al-Razi said: Allah made Prophet Noah as father of mankind after Prophet Adam. Mankind is from his posterity. Whoever were on the ship died, only his posterity survived. Others said: there were no one in the ship except his posterity. So all the people in both the above versions are from him or from his children. The verse: And We made his progeny the survivors (on the earth), is testimony to this.
  • 7-It was said: O Noah! Disembark in peace from us and blessings upon you and upon nations (descending) from those with you. (Qur’an, 11:48) (there will be other) nations We shall give them enjoyment for a while and then a painful torment from Us will over take them. (Qur’an, 11:48)
  • Muhammad bin Ka ab Al-Qurzi said blessings upon you and upon nations include all the believers till Doomsday. Their will be other nations unto whom We will give enjoyment in this world for their life time, it refers to the infidels, (then a painful torment from Us will over take them) in the Hereafter. This verse clearly points out that new nations will come out from those who were with Noah.
  • 8-Noah had supplicated: My Lord leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth, if you leave them they will mislead your slaves and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers. (Qur’an, 71:26-27) Allah did accept his supplications and none were left to survive on earth except those believers who were with Noah.
  • 9-Then lastly Allah addressed the earth: O earth! Swallow up your water an O sky! Withhold your rain. (Qur’an, 11:44) Allah’s addressing of the earth proves that the entire earth came under the deluge.

So we find that al these Qur’ anic facts undoubtedly prove that the deluge in the time of Naoh was catastrophic for the whole world. We also came to know that Noah was Adam the Junior and mankind are his progeny as Allah said for Noah:

And, his progeny, them We made the survivors (i.e. Shem, Hamad japeth. (Qur’an, 37:77)

- By Ahmad Wahaj Al-Siddiqui Al-Taimi