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The Quran And Solar Nebula

- Published in Muslim World League Journal On 14 April 2016
The Quran and Solar Nebula
By Ahmad Wahaj  Al-Siddiqui Al-Taimi-Al-Qurshi. Legal adviser     
  Published in Muslim World League Journal April 14, 2016              
                           
            The nebula hypothesis describes the formation of our solar system from a Nebula cloud made from a collection of dust and gas. It believed that the sun planets, moons and asteroids were formed the same time from  Nebula. The Solar system is the gravitationally bound system composing the sun and the objects that orbit either directly or indirectly. Ofcourse those objects orbit the Sun directly, the largest eight are the planets with remainder significantly such as dwarf planets, and small solar system bodies. Of the objects that orbit the sun indirectly the moons, too or larger than the smallest planet, Mercury. The solar system  formed from the gravitational collapse of a giant interstellar molecular cloud.
     The vast majority of the system is in the Sun with most of the remaining mass contained in Jupiter, the four smaller inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are terrestrial planets being primary composed of rock and metal. The four outer planets are giant planets being substantially more massive  that the terrestrials. The two largest are Jupiter and Saturn, these are gas giants being composed mainly of hydrogen and helium. The two outer planets are Uranus and Neptune, ice giants such as water ammonia or methane, all the planets have almost circular orbit that lie nearly a flat disc called the elliptic.  These are the findings of the cosmologists after thousand years of the Quran while the Quran is revealed in seventh century.        
 From the above we see the solar nebula consists of the sun and its eight planets etc., only.
 Details of Nebula in the Quran
    The Quran mentions: Have not those who disbelieve that the heaven and the earth were joined together Then We clove them asunder. (Quran
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21/30)    Here the Quran includes the heavens and the earth. In another verse it said: Then He turned He to the Heaven when it was smoke. And
said unto it and the earth come ye together willingly or loath. (Quran 41/11)
    Cleaving asunder refers to the Big Bang, the scientist have agreed that the Sun and the Earth are separated with a Big Bang.
   The cosmologist held that Solar Nebula consists of Star Sun and the Planet earth or other planets mentioned above, they are  revolving around the Sun. But the Quran includes the heavens, the earth and all the stars shining are the part of  Solar Nebula.  Allah (God the Unique) 
    ‘Then He ordained them as seven heavens in two Days and inspired in each heaven its mandate. And adorned the lower heaven with lamps (stars). And rendered it inviolable. That is the decree of (of Him) Exalted in Might. (Quran 41/12) The Solar Nebula includes all the seven heavens and all the shining stars on the heaven of the universe.
    The knowledge  of the cosmologists have not yet reached to the heavens but they are able to see approximately 170 billion to 200 billion galaxies each having more than a billion stars in observable universe stretching out into region of space of 13,8 billion light years away from us in all directions. The light travels 186,000 miles in a second.
    However the Quran the Book of Allah mentioned in seventh century, “And the heaven We built with power and we are its expander” (Quran 51/47) This grand expansion has been confirmed by American astronomer Edwin Hubble in 1925.  He was the first to prove the Quranic assertion of seventh century that the universe is expanding. It is proved that the Solar Nebula mentioned by the Quran is well advanced than the cosmologists Nebula mentioned above.
   The science of modern cosmology observational and theoretical clearly indicates the whole universe was nothing but a cloud of smoke i.e. an opaque highly dense and hot gaseous composition. This is the one of the
 
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undisputed principles of standard modern cosmology confirming what Quran did hold in 7th century.
   Star forming out of a cloud of gas and dust (nebula) which is the one of the remnant of smoke. That was the origin of the whole universe. (The Space Atlas, Heather and Henbest page/50)
    The Lagoon Nebula is a cloud of gas and dust remnant of smoke about sixty light years in diameter. It is excited by the ultra violet radiation of the hot stars that have been recently formed within the bulk.
    The illuminating stars we see at night are formed in cloud of gas, dust and hot smoke.. Allah (God the Unique) has said in the Quran:
    Then He  turned to the heaven when it was smoke. (Quran 41/11)
   No doubt the earth and the heavens above and the galaxies, having billions of stars have been formed from the smoke.
  We conclude that the earth and the heavens were one connected entity. Then out of the homogenous smoke they formed and separated each other with a big bang. Allah (God the Unique) has said in the Quran:
“Have not those who disbelieve that the heaven and the earth were joined together Then We clove them asunder. (Quran 21/30) .
    The Arabic word for smoke in the above verse is ‘Dukhan’, which describes hot cosmic smoke in question. This word in the Book of Allah the Quran mentions smoke very accurately for it is warm body of gas containing mobile particles connected to solid substance. Here the Quran employed the most appropriate word from the Arabic language for describing the appearance of this phase of the Universe. It is to be noted that only in 20th century have scientists discovered that the universe emerged from a hot gas in the form of smoke.
    Allah (God the Unique) said: Say (O Muhammad Unto the infidels) disbelieve in Him who created the earth in two days and ascribe unto Him the rivals. (Quran-41/10)
    The days mentioned in the revelation are stages or phases as 24 hours day  did not exist when the earth and the heavens were formed. Explaining
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the length of the day, the Quran said: The angels and Spirit ascend unto Him in a day the measure  whereof is fifty thousand years. (70/4)   The verse mentions the length of distance but the angels cross it in seconds This verse proves  the  stages in the formation of the heavens and the earth. Allah said:    It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six days (Quran-57/4)
Allah (God the Unique) knows how much was the length of these phases. 
   Nobody could have known the origin of the universe in seventh century      The scientists have only found in the last of 20th century, with very complicated and advanced technical methods the formation of universe. This proves that the Quran is Heavenly Book, which has been revealed to His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) by Allah (God the Unique) Who is the Omniscient of all Knowledge. The Book of Allah, the Quran contains all developments, which are yet to come till the last day of this world that is the reason that the Quran contains in its verses the modern science unknown in the seventh century.
   My various articles published in Muslim World League Journal prove this fact. Moreover, my  <Tafsiralquranalwahhaj.com> in two languages English and Arabic establishes that the Quran contains most of the modern science when the word science was unknown in seventh century.
             
- By Ahmad Wahaj Al-Siddiqui Al-Taimi-Al-Qurshi