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Chapter III

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The gloomy period between JESUS and MUHAMMAD (peace upon them)

HOME LIFE

The primary unit of society is family. The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) gave us a serene and undisturbed home life. He sketched a line of demarcation between the rights and duties of the husband and wife, the father and mother, the sons and daughters. He taught clemency with relations and neighbors. He taught us that our all actions are to be reckoned before God, the Lord of the world. Therefore, every misdeed whether in default of fulfilling obligations or otherwise shall evoke displeasure and punishment from the Lord.

• The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) categorized the sins in two broad divisions for the faithful. One to disobey the commandments of Allah and the other His displeasure by way of usurpation of others rights. Allah may accord grievous penalty on one who neglects His commandments as salat, and prayers etc or pardon him on his praying forgiveness, but if one indulges in the encroachments of others rights God will not grant him remission till the oppressed does not pardon him, therefore, every husband has to fully accomplish the conjugal rights and every wife has to guard her own virtue and the husband’s property. She is required to be obedient and cheerful. The Holy Quran lays down:

"0 ye who believe! Squander not your wealth among your selves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent, kill not one another. Lo! God is ever merciful unto you. Whoso doth that through aggression and injustice, We shall cast him into Fire, and that is ever easy for God." (4/28-29)

All types of rancor and barbarism has strictly been forbidden, and every cruelty does injure others right TO peace and property. Thus Islam developed a clean society where every one irrespective of cast, creed, color and religion, section and race enjoys fully all the civil liberties.

POLYGAMY IS NOT A GLOOM.

It is generally argued that Islam allows cruelty on women by allowing polygamy. I strongly contradict any and every such idea. Permission to polygamy is conditional as explained in the Holy Quran:

"Marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three, or four, and if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one only." (4/-3)

Under Islam, marriage is a social contract between man and woman, to enhance the population of the Muslims in a legitimate manner. Husband and wife are equal partners, who lead their life happily and represent a perfect family unit undisturbed in their private life. Each of them attend to their obligations under the tenets of Islam. Incase of difference both are authorized to have the dissolution of the contract.

Physically the man is strong over the woman. With health and wealth and with a sincere motive of raising the Muslim population, he is allowed to take in marriage upto four women at one time. But he shall have to maintain equality between all his wives. If he fails in administering justice. God is also severe in punishment. Thus Islam restrained all the possibilities of tyranny and oppression over the women.

Polygamy has its manifold advantages, it provides protection, maintenance and a noble way of satisfaction of natural urge to the women. It is a blessing specially when the population of women is increasing day by day over the men. With increasing number of illegitimate children to many hundred thousands each year, in Europe and America nobody will take pride in monogamy, whereas Muslim countries are almost free of such social evil.

Islam allowed polygamy but provided deterrent punishment for adultery and fornication which is a menace, a curse, an insult, a social crime that pollutes the society. It destroys the basis of the family, it works against the interest of the children born or to be born. It may cause murders and feuds and loss of reputation and property and also loosen permanently the bond of society. For avoiding such a shameful act, Islam allowed polygamy so that unmarried women may not pose a problem for the society. The Prophet closed all the roads leading to adultery and fornication. The very first step is free social mix up of men and women. The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) totally forbade from it.

In a journey from Karachi to Bahrain two young German tourists severely objected on pardah in Islam and said that the women are confined within the four walls of the houses. The undersigned replied it was not so. Even in the days of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) the ladies took active part in the war. In the battle of Ohad, it was a woman (Umme-Amarah) who shielded the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) with her chivalrous attacks on Meccan Quraish. She fought fearlessly and she alone many times pushed away the infidels who were resolute to kill the Prophet when he had fallen and wounded and almost cut off from his companions. Few other ladies took active part in attending the wounded, among them were Aisha the mother of the faithful. The ladies are allowed to participate in war, in the hour of dire need, otherwise the ladies would get the same reward by Allah as their fighting men for looking after the household duties in the absence of their men.

The women work side by side with their men in farming. They can mix up with their blood relations as guided by Islam. But Isalm does not allow a free social mix up of men and women as it leads to adultery and fornication. Saying this I posed a question to those German tourist. "Will you like your beloved being kissed by the other man before you. They said," Certainly not." I said to them," By forbidding the free social get together, the Prophet gave us a most peaceful private life. European families very rarely enjoy any such peace. There are hundreds of examples in Muslim families where married couples com pleted 25years of very successful married life. The way of living given by the Prophet in itself is a great mercy to the mankind. God said:

"We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures. (21/107).

The Prophet is sent as mercy to mankind, i.e. to say he is sent as world Prophet, and any body who follows his teachings with faith in him, shall attain peace and tranquility in this world and in the Hereafter.

It was said to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) that he should demand disaster on the polytheists, he said," I am not sent as cursor but I am sent as mercy."

If it is said, how the non-believers could get mercy specially privileged on the Prophet, the answer is the same as given by Ibn Abbas in his explanatory note of the above revelation:

'One who follows the Prophet, he enjoyed peace and tranquility in the world and Here-after and those who do not believe in him, they are not subjected to the penalty of God like previous nations who were destroyed under the penalty of humiliation, deformation and stoning. Prior to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) the people of the different prophets were destroyed for their disobedience and sinful deeds like people of Noah, Hud Salih, Shuaib and Lut etc, but after the advent of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) God announced His special favours to the people of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) for not being destroyed by a general disaster and since he has been sent for mankind, therefore. His mercy has been extended to all the creatures. It is why that in spite of most shameful crimes, the ignominious penalty has been postponed till Doomsday.

In a tradition narrated by Abu Hurraira, the Apostle of Allah said: Lo! I am mercy and guide to all.

It is a glowing fact that in this long duration of about 1400 years after the advent, no people, race nation, or generation has totally been destroyed by God like the previous ones, though most abhorring sins are there, the adultery and sodomy, incest and fornication, theft and robbery, dishonesty and bribery, kidnapping and cheating, abusing and thrashing, cruelty and barbarism, drinking and gambling, transgressing in (due) measure and balance, shameless nudity and prosti tution. Killing and looting, provincialism and sectionalism, cast and colour hatred and what not, we look down in shame, yet the wrath of God does not descend, why? Because of that mercy on the Prophet which has enshrounded all the creatures.

THE GLOOM VANISHES

MUHAMMAD (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) gave a death blow to the oppression and tyranny of the rulers of old. He did not leave the rulers, in their domain, to act on their whims but bound them under the constitution, called the Quranic Order. The words of the rulers were no more law but they had to act within their jurisdiction, given to them by the laws of Sharait enacted by Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). He abolished all the barbarous punishments of throwing before lions, or of branding blind, or of reducing the war prisoners to a never ending bond of slavery. Muslim Penal Code mentioned the punishment for each crime, these were as described by God in Quran. The deterrent punishments were prescribed to stop the crimes. These punishments have proved to be effective at all times.

Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) repealed the enforcement of rulers will in public matters. All the matters of his government were presented for discussion in open session i.e. in his Mosque. The people were allowed to offer their suggestions freely. He listened to them and mostly accepted their suggestions. Thus we find that the Prophet gave the people the right of self determination, when the world was unaware of any such democratic ideas, and they were nowhere in practice at all. It is merely a speculation that before Christ Greek had some democratic forms of government. But about one thousand- four hundred years ago, the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) did teach consultation in all important matters as God said:

"And consult with them upon the conduct of affairs." (3/159)

"Who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation." (42/38)

The above guidance clearly led to the democracy. The Prophet did give a practical demonstration of a popular government based on equity and justice. The Muslims used their right to franchise by electing Abu Bakar as their first Caliph.

The man of God practically founded an independent judiciary, telling his people that all are equal before law. Nobody can have any discriminative treatment by the judges even his own daughter. He stopped people to make any attempt to pollute the judges, to achieve unlawfully their own selfish ends, as God said:-

"And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it, to gain the hearing of judges; that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully." (2/188)

The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) told people that God is not tyrant unto His salves, and he has forbidden all sorts of tyranny and oppression. He said:

"The blame is only Against those who oppress Men with wrong doing And insolently transgress Beyond bounds through the land, Defying right and justice: For such there will be A penalty grievous. (42/42)

Condemning all sorts of tyranny and oppression and by appointing an independent judiciary, we see, that Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) evolved a judiciary independent of executive.