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Chapter V

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The World Prophet

Al-lmam Taquiuddin Subki in his Book'AI-Tazim-wa-alminnah'exposing the chief characteristic of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), as Prophet of the prophets, argued very strongly explaining theQuranic verse:

"When God made (His) covenant with the Prophets, (He said): Behold that which I have given you of the Scripture and knowledge. And after there will come unto you a messenger, confirming that ye possess. Ye shall believe in him and ye shall help him. He said: Do ye agree, and will ye take up My burden (which I lay upon you) in this (matter)? They answered: We agree. He said: Then bear ye witness. I will be a witness with you. (3/ 81.)

His contentions were accepted by many scholars like Imam Qastallani and Jallaluddin Seouti. A famous Medinite scholar Muhammad Badar Alam also quoted Imam Taquiuddin in his book 'Tarjaman-AI-Sunnah. As this discusssion throws the light on the Prophet's (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) position as world Prophet, I shall offer few quotations evaluating his position as World Prophet.

"It may please be understood that God in the very primitive origin created spirit of the Prophet Muhammad bin Abdullah (peace be upon him) before other creations.

Abu Huraira narrated, "They (some persons) asked the Apostle of God. 'When you were made Prophet. 'He said," I was made prophet when Adam was between spirit and body (i.e. his spirit was not blown into his body). (Tirmizi).

In another tradition Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet of God explaining the above verse of 'Covenant' said, " Among the Prophets I was first in creation, and was sent as the very last of them." (Ibn Abi Hatim and others).

That proves that Allah first created the spirit of the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa and then he created the spirits of the other Prophets, etc.

It is apparent from the revelation of 'The Covenant of the Prophets, that covenant was taken by God in the very origin, in favour of the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa, under the 'Covenant' all the Prophets alleging their belief in him bound themselves and their peoples to obey and render help to Muhammad Mustafa (sallallaho alaihi was-allam). This Covenant proved as already discussed on page 94 the greatness of Muhammad over all the Prophets. In other words as a prophet has a great dignified position over his peoples on account of their obedience and allegiance to him, similarly God elevated the position of the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa over all other prophets as He took the oath of allegiance and obedience from them to obey and render help to Muhammad Mustafa. Thus all the Prophets hold the position of prophets only but the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa is dignified as the Prophet of the Prophets, or Nabi-AI-Anbia. It was therefore, that every prophet while announcing his own prophet-hood gave glad tidings of the advent of Muhammad Mustafa and bound his people to obey and render help to him whenever he comes.

Subki writes that "the Prophet-hood and the apostle-ship of Muhammad Mastafa is common to all the creations from the time of Adam till Doomsday, and all the Prophets and their nations are his peoples."

God said:

"And we have not sent thee ( 0 Muhammad) But unto all mankind." (34/ 28)

Akrama said: He heard Ibn Abbas saying, 'Lo Allah excelled Muhammad Mustafa on all in the heaven and over all the Prophets,' they said, ' with what he is excelled over all the Prophets.' He said." God said for the Prophets:

"And We never sent an apostle save with the language of his folk, that he might make (the message) clear for them." (14/4)

But for the prophet Muhammad God said:

"And We have not sent thee (0 Muhammad) but unto all mankind."

So God sent him to all the creatures including mankind and Jinn. "The contention of Ibn Abbas is as per agreed traditions referred hereunder:

Jabir narrated: The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said:

"The Prophets were sent specially for their peoples, and I am sent for all the people in general."

In another agreed tradition the Prophet said: "I am sent to Blacks and Reds." Mujahid said i.e. to say to mankind and Jinn and others say to Arabs and non- Arabs.

Subki said: 'the words "But to all mankind," in the revelation not only include from his time to Doomsday but it also include mankind who were before his advent." As all the prophets were giving good tidings of his advent, and were binding their peoples to believe in him.

Subki said, "It should also not be considered that he was Prophet under the knowledge of God, as so were all the prophets, but when the Prophet stated that he was Prophet when Adam was between spirit and body that meant his special privileged position so that his people might know his elevated dignity before God."

Subki further stated, "The Covenant was taken for him, that proved not only he is first among them but he is their Prophet and Apostle, because the oath of allegiance is taken for a superior to obey and help him. Thus all the prophets in their times were acting as assistants to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), inviting their people to have faith in Muhammad, obey him, and render him help whenever he came. Thus the Covenant is great acclamation of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) from God the Omniscient which put him in the highly honoured position of the Prophet of the Prophets," i.e. Chief of the Prophets.

The Medinite Scholar Badar Alam referring to Subki wrote:

"Muhammad's position as Prophet of the prophets was apparent when at the night of Miraj (Bodily ascent of the Prophet to the heavens) all the Prophets were gathered, for the first time, the question arose who would lead the prayers, the Holy Ghost (Gabriel) requested Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), who led the prayers and all the prophets stood behind him. Secondly all the prophets and their peoples shall be assembled on an appointed1 day and on that day all the Prophets and their peoples shall be under the banner of Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and he shall be the leader of all.

Thirdly, on Dooms day when every one will be overtaken by the 'Supreme Horror', and under the great terror all the Prophets shall refuse to intercede with God in order to request to begin the 'Reckoning' then all the people shall beseech Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) to intercede with God for the beginning of the 'Reckoning'. On that day of 'Supreme Horror' Muhammad shall be raised to the station of 'Praise and Glory' where every one will see him above and high from all the Prophets, prostrating he will praise the Lord of the worlds "Then God will say 0 Muhammad! raise your head, say you will be heard, intercede you will be granted, ask you shall be given." (Musnad Ahmad). The association of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-lallaho alaihi wasallam) with other Prophets has been mentioned in the Books of traditions only on the aforesaid three places, and his embellished position is evident on all those occasions. If any of the Prophet had come before him, he would have no course left except to follow the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) from the sayings of the Prophet ."

"Jesus Christ (peace on him) who is bodily present in heavens will descend before the Day of Resurrection. After his descent he will be a follower of Muhammad (peace on him). The Muhammedan Law will apply on him as does it apply on other Muslims. His subordination to Muhammedan Law will not decrease his honoured position of apostleship as he had already invited his people on his first advent to believe in Muhammad. He after his descent shall again invite the people to Islam and shall ask them to say:

"La Ilaha Illallah Muhammad-ur- Rasool Allah" i.e. there are no partners to God. He is Unique and Muhammad is His Prophet." Muslims will not renew their faith in Jesus, but acknowledge him as their ruler and a guide to people asking them to obey and follow the code of Muhammad, (for details please see my book Nabi-AI-Anbia urdu edition, or part 3 of this book.)

The aforesaid Medinite Scholar further wrote: "As for the case of different religious codes is concerned, it is said that just as all the Prophet-hoods are subordinate to the prophet-hood of Muhammad, similarly all the previous religious codes are his codes. With regard to Jews and Christians the Prophet's code were Torah and the Bible and for this Ummah (people) the Prophet's code is the Holy Quran, and if the revealed Laws differ as that of old from the new, there is no harm due to change in times and men." It may please be noted that all the previous codes did carry the glad tidings of the advent of Muhammad and all the prophets made it mandatory on their people to believe in Muhammad and render him help whenever they found him. And the call of the prophets to obey Muhammad meant to obey the code to be revealed on him, therefore, Jesus Christ after his descent shall follow the code revealed on Muhammad for which he was inviting his people on his first arrival.

The said Medinite Scholar wrote:" The above facts prove that Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was awarded prophet-hood, even before the soul of Adam was blown into his body. The detail of it is that when God intends perfection of someone. It is done in two ways. Sometimes this perfection is awarded only after that being comes into existence in this world and sometimes the perfection is imparted before worldly existence i.e. in the world of spirit, and it is in the knowledge of the Omniscient to whom did he give perfection or eminence before or after the existence, but His creatures could know the eminence of that person only when he came into their observation or some true informer told them. We came to know this fact from the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) that he was granted the eminence of Prophet-hood, even before Adam was perfected in human face, and the Covenant from prophets was taken for him to have faith in him and were asked to take allegiance of their people to bow in obedience before him whenever they found him so that they may know that their prophet-hoods are subservient to his Universal Apostleship. Thus Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is the very first Prophet, but as his bodily presence was intended at the end of all therefore, he is called the very last of prophets. To call the very last of the prophets doesn't mean that he got the prophet-hood in the last but it means that he appeared when all the Prophets ended. During all the periods that is before his birth, after his birth, and till he attained the age of 40 and onward his exalted rank of Prophet-hood is all alike, and shall remain as such till Doomsday."

Abdullah Bin Thabit narrated, Umar bin-AI-Khattab came to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and said, 'on my request a brother Jew from tribe Quraiza wrote main parts of Torah which I read before you' (after hearing this), the Prophet's face changed with anger, Abdulla bin Thabit prevented Umar (from reading) and said, 'Dont you see the indignation on the face of the Prophet?' (immediately after noticing the rage on the face of the Prophet) Umar said, 'I am contented with God as my Lord, with Islam as religion and with Muhammad as Apostle. 'Hearing this the Prophet got pacified and said, " By God if Moses comes among you and leaving me you follow him, you will go astray, among all the prophets and people I am for you all." (Musnad Ahmad)

In another tradition narrated by Jabir, the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: "By God had Moses been alive among you, nothing would have been lawful for him except to obey me."

AI-Sheikh Al- Sharani in his book AI-Yawakeet and AI-Jawahir (chapter 337) referring to the above tradition writes:" that one should know that the prophet Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is the Prophet of the prophets due to the 'Covenant taken by all the prophets proving his predomination over them as their chief as said by God: " When Allah made (His) covenant with the Prophets." So his Universal Apostleship and his religious code is for all mankind."

HIS PREFERENCE IS NOT HUMILIATION FOR OTHER PROPHETS

God said in ( His ) Holy Book:

"And We preferred some of the Prophets above others." (17/55)
"Of those messengers, some of Whom We have caused to excel others." (2/ 253) (translation M. Pickthall)

The above revelations make it amply clear that God caused grades among the prophets, one surpassing the other. It may therefore, be held that had their been humiliation of one Prophet in excelling him over the other. God would have never allowed it to occur in His Own Holy Book. If we look minutely, we find that gradation among the Prophets is but a natural outcome of that jurisdiction given to them by God. We know that human wisdom passed through a progressive stage from stone age to machine age. And in every stage of human development there were Prophets who invited people to the message of One God, some came with commandments, some came with scrolls, some were prophets to their peoples only, and some were prophets and apostles having a greater circle of work and these few were given Books and hence the gradation.

All these Prophets were sent by God and God did intend unity in their work. Firstly He aided them with miracles*1 so that people might differentiate between true prophet and impostors. Secondly, they confirmed the teachings of the former prophets to make it public that all of them had come with one Truth. Thirdly they took 'Covenant' from their people to continue their faith in Muhammad and obey him to make it known that the prophet-hood would end on him and all the previous teachings would get obsolete*2 after his advent and the Book given to him and his teachings would subsist till Doomsday, and he would be the Prophet for the mankind. Thus we see that all the previous prophets were prelude to the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), they did the ground work, they enlarged the wisdom of their people and finally they made them ready, taking from them the affirmation of faith in Muhammad and to obey his universal code and teachings till Doomsday.

Thus when God made His 'Covenant' with the Prophets, He made it clear that the Prophet Muhammad was preferred on all and when all the prophets should carry His message to their people, they ought to let them know that God's Message would finally culminate in Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) it was, therefore, God said:

The grace of God towards thee (Muhammad) hath been infinite."

When the Creator of the prophets and the universe Himself prefers -Muhammad Mustafa above all, then where does the questipn of humiliation of any other prophet arises.

MUHAMMAD'S EMINENCE OVER THE ALL

We have already seen from the Holy Quran that there is none who excels Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Now I quote few famous traditions which establish the Prophet's eminence over all the creation.

  1. 1) Salman Farsee narrated: Gabriel descended by the Prophet and said, Lo your Lord says:" If I have befriended Abraham, I have chosen you as my most favourite. I did not create any one more reverend than you. I have created the world and its inhabitants so that they may know your utmost eminence before me. Had I not intended to bring you into being, I would have not created the world." (Ibn Asakar).
  2. 2) Saeed AI-Khudri narrated, the Apostel of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: " Gabriel came to him and said, 'My Lord and your Lord says: "Do you know how did He exalt thy fame." The Prophet said, 'God knows better.' Gabriel said," He says. He associated your remembrance with Him" (reported Tabrani). Imam Shafee in Muwahib says,' that the meanings of the revelation," And exalted thy fame." (94/4) are," I (Allah) shall not be remembered except that your (prophet's) remembrance will be attached with Me" And that is:
"Ashhado AnLa llaha lllallah wa ash hado Anna Muhammad-al Rasul Allah." (Translation: I stand witness that there are no partners to God. He is Unique and Muhammad is His Apostle).

Ibn Kathir in his commentary, explaining the above revelation quoting some scholars wrote:" Allah raised the Prophets remembrance among the first and the lasts and exalted him when He took the 'Covenant' from all the Prophets to pledge faith in him and order their peoples as well to pledge faith in him then He exalted the Prophet's fame among the peoples by attaching the remembrance of His Prophet with His Own remembrance.

  1. Ibn Abbas narrated: "Few companions of Apostle of Allah were sitting. I came close to them and heard few of them saying, "Allah befriended Abraham. "Few of them said," Moses conversed with God." Few said, " Jesus Christ is the word of God and His Spirit. And some said, " Allah chose Adam," The Apostle of God came and said:" I heard your conversation and admire it, lo! Abraham is the friend of God and certainly he is, Moses communed with God and certainly he did, Jesus Christ is the Spirit of God and so he is, and God Chose Adam and so he is chosen but I am blessed with the love of God, I say it without any egotism. I am the carrier of the banner of Praise on Doomsday and Adam and all shall be under it, it is without egotism. I am the first intercessor and shall be granted for what I intercede on the Doomsday and it is without any egotism. I am the first to move towards the gate of Paradise, Allah will enter me and the poor faithful along with me, and it is without any egotism. God made me the most exalted among the firsts and the lasts, and it is without egotism. (Tirmizi and others)
  2. Jabir narrated: the Apostle of God said;" I am the leader of the Prophets, I say it without any egotism, and I am the very last of the Prophets, and it is without any egotism, and I am the very first intercessor and I shall be granted for what I intercede, and it is without any egotism.
  3. Saeed Al Khudri narrated: The Apostle of God said:" I am the Chief of all born out of Adam (i.e. mankind) on Doomsday, and I am not proud of this (exalted rank). The Banner of Praise will be in my hand and there is no pride for me in it. On that day all the prophets Adam and others will be under it, the earth shall be split and I shall be first to be raised from it (On the Day of Resurrection) and there is no pride for me in it," (Tirmizi)
  4. When the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said," He is the Chief of mankind and there is no pride for him in it." He said it to let the people know his exalted position given to him by his Lord, and since this acclamation constituted a self praise, therefore, to stop any base thinking out of ignorance about his sacred personality, he said he didn't utter this claim egotistically. Similarly when he said: Adam and all would be under his Banner that showed his specially privileged position over all the prophets, bestowed to him by God the Unique.

The above citations from the Holy Quran and the traditions of the Prophet and the Historical facts all belie the concoction of the impostor Elijah Muhammad who said Muhammad Mustafa (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was only the Prophet of Arabs. The Prophet is not only the Porphet of Arabs but Allah sent him as mercy for all the creations and made him universal Prophet extending his prophet-hood from the origin of this world to its end.

  1. After Resurrection
  2. Miracle is supernatural event, impossible for a human being to do it.
  3. That is why Jesus Christ after his descent will follow the code of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam