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Chapter I

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Reduting the denouncers of five daily prayers & hadit

The Hypocrites have un-relenting conflict with Islam. Having disguised into the garb of Islam, they denounce five daily prayers and Hadith and mislead those persons who are unaware of religious knowledge. They interpolate in the meaning of word 'salat' (prayers), and quarrel on the number of daily prayers. They challenge the inevitability*1of Hadith in order to cut the very root of Islamic beliefs and mislead the Muslims. They are the devil's party and intend to carry the Muslims in their permanent abode of Hell. If God favours, I will prove how did the Holy Prophet fulfill this divine obligation of five times daily prayers and I shall also explain the facts which melt all doubts raised by the aforesaid denouncers among them is Mirza Ghulam Ahgmad Pervez on the truthfulness of the traditions.

THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE PROPHET'S MOSQUE AND THE ESTABLISHING OF FIVE REGULAR PRAYERS IN A DAY & NIGHT

Those who, if we give them power in the land, establish worship and pay the poor due and enjoin kindness and forbid iniquity. And God's is the sequel of events. (42/41)

The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) after his migration to Medina, undertook the construction of the Mosque. The first foundation stone of the very first Mosque of Islam was laid by the Prophet himself facing Kaaba at Quba, the second stone beside it was placed by Abu Bakar Siddiqu (radiallah anho). (narrated Ibn Ishaq, quoted Ibn Hisham in his book 'Al Sira Al Nabviya) The Holy Quran mentioned this mosque:

"There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety".

Ali bin Abi Talha narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas, Shabi, Hasan Basri, Qatada, Saeed bin Jubair, and Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam say," the Apostle of God would come regularly to visit this mosque and offered prayers, it is also said, he came here every Saturday sometimes on foot and sometimes riding. In a tradition it has also been reported that Gabriel himself guided the direction of Kaaba (Al Bidaya wa al Nihaya Vol 3 page 209).

Ibn Ishaq narrated that the place where the dromedary of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) sat was the house of Abu Ayub Ansari. In an open field before that house the people used to dry up the dates. The Holy Prophet inquired, whose property it was? He was informed, it belonged to two orphans. After the agreement of these two orphans, the Holy Prophet ordered the construction of the mosque and he practically participated in its construction. This was named the Prophet's Mosque.

Anas bin Malik narrated, "The Apostle of God during his stay at the house of Abu Ayub Ansari, established prayers near a sheep fold on the appointed timings, then he ordered the building of the mosque. ... He himself participated in its construction and often said "0 God! there is no virtue except the virtue of the Hereafter, so ye help the Medinites and the Meccans." (Bukhari)

THE MEANING OF SALAT

The word 'Salat' is from the word 'Salla' which means to pray. It is also said that it is a derivate from the word 'Salla Salwain', these are two veins which run from the mid-back to rectum. Since the worshipper bows his back in kneeling and prostration, it is, therefore, called salat. Few held that it has been taken from the word 'AI-Salla' which means entry for perpetuity as said in Quran, "None shall enter it (Hell) for perpetuity but the most wretched who denieth (the Prophet) and turneth away. (92/15 to 16). The deniers of the Prophet's Ahadith and the five daily prayers shall have their permanent abode in Hell. As the devotee of the prayers enters in a perpetual action, therefore, it was held that this word was taken from 'Al-sallah'. Few say it is a derivate from the 'Salla, tasalla' which means to enter in a fire as Quran mentions:

"What hath brought you to this Hell-Fire? They will answer: we were not of those who prayed. (74/42,43)

One who does not offer his prayers will be thrown into the Hell. That is to say that the faithful avoids Fire and keeps himself away from it by offering his regular prayers. No doubt these are the literal meanings of the word 'salat', but the literal meanings carry no value under 'shariat' i.e. Islamic order. The authority for explaining the Quranic words or verses rests with no one except the Prophet himself. This I have proved in the first part of this 'Book' under the heading "The Last Meccan Prophet". The Prophet himself explained the word salat not only by words of mouth but also by offering it regularly throughout his Medinite life. Salat is that action which includes standing, kneeling, prostration, and sitting etc with particular recitation and is offered on fixed timings and after fulfilling the given conditions. UMAR BIN AL KHATTAB narrated, the Apostle of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: "The structure of Islam is raised on five (pillars), to testify there are no partners to God. He is Unique, and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, to establish the regular prayers, to pay the regular charity, to fast in the month of Ramdan and to perform Hajj," (if means allow), (an agreed tradition)

There are numerous traditions on offering of prayers. Some urdu speaking renegades say that Quran mentions, 'Aqim al salat' i.e. to stand for prayers, Quran does not mention as we say in Urdu, 'Namaz parhna' i.e. to read the prayers. To say so is the sheer mischief-mongering of the atheists who want the Muslims to be led astray. In Urdu style we say 'Namaz parhna' and in Arabic style we say, 'to stand for the prayers'. We know it is compulsory to stand in the prayers, i.e. to say that the prayer cannot be established without standing (only the sick men and women unable to stand are allowed to offer their prayers sitting or lying). The Muazzin calls, 'the prayers has stood,' and on that order every body present in a mosque stands in a straight line. We can recite the Holy Quran only standing, as it is forbidden to recite Quran while kneeling or prostrating. To stand in a prayer is the very first ingredient of salat and the foremost action.

{ AESHA THE MOTHER OF THE FAITHFULS told, the Apostle of Allah usually stood in his prayers so-long that his feet got swollen. She said to him, "0 Apostle of Allah! why do you take pains, when God has forgiven*1 your fault of the past and that which may come? He said, '0 Aesha! why shouldn't I be his grateful slave?' " (Ahmad).

The Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) loved to stand so long praising his Lord in his supererogatory prayers that his feet used to get swollen.

ANAS narrated, the Apostle of God said, "Whoever (after) a careful ablution offers his prayers humbling himself in standing, kneeling, and prostrating, then his this prayer goes (upward) emitting the beams of light, and it says to his offerer that Allah may protect thee, as thou has protected me (in establishing it). But if any one offers his prayers after a careless ablution, and doesn't humble himself in standing, kneeling, and prostrating, then this prayer (shapes) in a dark and black (object) reproaches his offerer saying Allah may neglect thee as thou has neglected me....(AI-Tabrani)

THE PRAYERS AMONG THE PEOPLES BEFORE MUHAMMAD'S ADVENT

The prayers were not only given to the people of Muhammad peace be on him (i.e. sallallaho alaihi wasallam), but the Semitic people were also given the prayers. The Holy Quran guides us that the prayers were the same as they are now for us, i.e. it included standing, kneeling, and prostration etc. The Prophet Abraham (alaihi al salam) beseeching God's favour said:

"Our Lord! Lo! I have settled some of my posterity in an uncultivable valley near unto the Holy House, (i.e. Kaaba at Mecca) our Lord that they may establish regular prayer; (salat)" (14/37)

Abraham begged God's favour for his coming generation so that they may establish the regular prayers. He also prayed for himself:

"My Lord! Make me to establish regular prayer." (salat) (14/40)

"Abraham requested his Lord for being able to perform his regular prayer with full rites." (Tafsir Khazin)

The Holy Quran referring to Prophet Ismail mentions:

"He used to enjoin upon his people salat (prayers) and charity and he was most acceptable in the sight of his Lord. (19/55)

The Quran referring to Mary the mother of Jesus Christ mentioned:

"0 Mary! worship Thy Lord devoutly Prostrate thy self And bow down (in prayer) With those who bow down." (3/43)

Mujahid said, "Mary kept herself upright in her prayer (praising her Lord) so long that her knees often swelled." Al Auzai said, "Mary in her prayers sustained herself so long in bowing down (in humble reverence before her Lord) and in prostrating and keeping herself upright that yellow water descended in her feet." Ibn Kathir referring Ibn Asakar quoted, "Mary usually prostrated so long that water descended in her eyes."

The Holy Quran mentioning Prophet Zakariyya stated:

"And the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary." (3/39)

The above citations of the Holy Quran and many other verses of it prove that the prayers among the people before the advent of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) were like ours, having prostration, bowing down and standing etc. Besides the above there are many other revelations of the Holy Quran which prove the existence of the regular prayers among the Semitic people. Jesus Christ in the lap of his mother talked of the prayers:

"He said:" I am indeed A slave of God:

He hath given me Revelation and made me A prophet; And He hath made me Blessed wheresoever I be, And hath enjoined on me Prayer and charity as long As I live: (19/30,31)

Like the Semitic people Allah blessed this Ummah with regular prayers.

ENJOINING OF REGULAR PRAYERS

Aesha the mother of the faithfuls narrated, "Firstly the regular prayers which were made obligatory on the Prophet were (only) two, two rakats, later these were ordered as four four rakats, but during the course of journey (the four rakats were reduced to) two, two rakats for a traveller (Ibn Hisham from Ibn Ishaq).

After Miraj (miraculous bodily ascension to heaven of the Prophet), the five time prayers were made obligatory. The increase in the rakats as per Aesha's narrative occurred after Miraj. Ibn Abbas contends, "five daily prayers were made obligatory upon believers after Miraj, and during stay at a place the increase in the number of rakats was ordered." There is a strong chain of traditions on the event of the bodily Prophet's Ascension to heaven. Seouti has gathered most of the traditions in his Book 'Dur al Manthur'. (see Vol. 2 Bodily Ascent of the Prophet to Seven Heans pp. 202-292)

Allah's Apostle (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said, "I was ordered 50 prayers at the night of Miraj. When I returned, I passed (the Prophet) Moses, He inquired what was given to me, I said, 'I have been given fifty prayers daily.' Moses told me, 'My Ummah (people) cannot stand to fifty prayers daily.' He also said, 'He had experienced people before.' (It may be recalled that the people of Moses were given prayers and their mosques face Jerusalem (Quds), and they still establish prayers), and Moses had been quite strict with Bani Israels, he requested the Prophet to go back to his Lord and request for the reduction ... on each request ten prayers were reduced till the regular prayers were left five only. (Bukhari)

Ibn Ishaq reported that Gabriel himself taught the ablution and the five daily prayers. (Ibn Hisham)