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Chapter I

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Reduting the denouncers of five daily prayers & hadit

ABU JAHAL INTENDED TO FORBID FROM THE PRAYERS

The Apostle of Allah used to offer his prayers close to Kaaba. Abu Huraira narrated, "Abu Jahal asked the people, 'Is Muhammad puts his face on the ground before them.' They said, 'Yes'. He said, 'by Lat and Uzza (these were the godesses of pagan Arab) if I saw him thus offering his prayers, I shall tread upon his neck, and besmear his face with dust.' Meanwhile the Apostle of God came and began to offer his prayers. Abu Jahal advanced to put his foot on the Prophet's neck, but retreated on his feet and stretched his hands as if trying to save himself from something. He was asked as to why he was doing so. He said, 'there is a ditch of fire between me and him (the Prophet) and something frightful is (coming on me) with wings stretched.' When the Apostle of Allah was told of that he said, 'if he had come over me, the angels would have disjointed all his limbs.' " (Ibn Jarir)

Abdullah Ibn Abbas narrated, "Abu Jahal said if he would see the Prophet offering his prayers near Kaaba, he would set his foot upon his neck. When the Prophet was informed of that he said: Had he done so, the angels would have caught hold of him. (i.e. tortured him) Bukhari. Tirmizi and Nisai have also narrated the same event.

God has referred to this event in these words:

"Hast thou seen him who dissuadeth A slave when he prayeth." (96/9,10)

Other verses in continuity to the above revelation have been revealed as warning and God gave tidings to drag Abu Jahal in the ever blazing Fire and God told His Prophet;

"Nay heed him not: But bow down in adoration, And bring thyself closer (to God) (96/19)

The few hypocrites concoct that the word 'salat' means opinion or consultation. They should open their blind eyes to look into the above event referred to in the revelation. The Apostle of Allah was in his 'salat' (prayer) which included bowing down and prostrating and Abu Jahal claimed that he would tread upon his neck. This boast excited the mercy of God for his slave and his beloved Prophet, and He showed a glimpse of His torture to that cursed man in the shape of enflaming ditch, the fright of being gutted into the fire deranged him and he beat his hands in the air. Drunk in his chiefdom, he had advanced to insult the Prophet, but God disgraced him before his own folk and entered him in the ever blazing Fire after his death. The hypocrites who try to stop the Muslims from five times daily prayers and interpolate in the meaning of 'salat' will meat the same fate, and will always stay in fire with Abu Jahal.

UMAR THE FIRST FIGHTER OF ISLAM

Later the cruelty of Meccans over the Muslims knew no bounds, and they were the target of their barbarism. Except the Prophet no one could offer the prayers openly. Referring to a tradition Ibn Ishaq stated, "It was the salat of the Prophet at Kaaba which attracted Umar towards Islam." In the sixth*1 year of the Prophethood Umar embraced Islam. The emigration to Ethopia*2 had occurred before his admission to the fold of Islam. The Prophet had prayed*1 God to strengthen Islam with Abu Jahal or Umar Bin Al Khattab. God accepted his (Prophet's) prayer in favour of Umar bin Khattab. The prayer was lodged on Wednesday and Umar embraced Islam on Thursday. Abu Jahal and Umar were considered very influential among Quraish and they were blood thirsty enemies of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and the persecutors of Islam. Umar had also resolved to slay the Prophet. So when Umar submitted to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), the Apostle of Allah and the Muslims raised (merrily) a slogan of the greatness of God which resounded the valley of Mecca. Immediately after his embracing Islam Umar requested the Apostle of God: "Why should we hide our religion while we hold the truth?, Quraish make a display of their vainglory."

The Prophet said, "We are few and you see with what (persecutions) we are faced with."

Umar said, "By Whom Who sent you with. truth, at every place where I sat during the days of my infidelity, I would announce my faith."

Then he came out and went round Kaaba, then he came to Qurashites and they were waiting for him. Abu Jahal Bin Hisham said, "You have changed your religion."

Umar said, "I testify there are no partners to God, He is Unique, and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah."

No sooner the polytheists heard Umar pronouncing his faith, they plunged on him. Umar also jumped on Atba and kneeling down over him he thrashed him, then Umar pierced his fingers in his eyes. Atba began to scream. The polytheists had to abondon Umar to save Atba. Umar also stood up. After that any one who came close to Umar was beaten under his firm grip, till the polytheists felt helpless to fight Umar. Then Umar went round the Holy City and at every place he made a display of his faith after embracing Islam. Umar's victory over the polytheists was evident. He returned to the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and told him that without any horror or terror he announced his faith on all the places he sat during his Kufr. The Apostle of God came out with his companions along with Hamza bin Abul Muttalib. Umar was in front of him. They performed 'tawaf (going round Kaaba seven times) and peacefully they established the 'Zuhar' prayers (the prayers offered regularly after declining of sun in noon). Then the Prophet returned back with Umar to 'Dar al Arqam'.

Abdullah bin Umar narrated, "As soon as Umar announced his faith, the polytheists began to fight Umar. The fight Umar verses polytheists continued till sun rose over the heads. The fight ended on the interruption of AI-Aas bin Wile. (Ibn Ishaq). This event has also been recorded by Imam Bukhari.

Abdullah bin Masud narrated, "Before Umar's admission to Islam we could not estalbish our prayers in Kaaba. When Umar embraced Islam, he alone fought against Quraish, till the prayer was established at Kaaba and we prayed with them." (Ibn Ishaq)

Abdullah bin Masud narrated, "Muslims were strengthened after Umar's coming into Islam."(Bukhari)

Abdullah bin Masud narrated, "Umar's entry into Islam was its victory, his migration to Medina was a triumph of the Muslims and his rule proved to be a great mercy to Islam. We could not offer our prayers at Kaaba before Umar's admission into Islam. After embracing Islam Umar fought against Quraish till the prayer was established in Kaaba and we prayed with them. That was the first congregational prayer of the Muslims which was held in face of the enmity of Quraish. (Ibn Kathir in his AI-Bidaya Vol: 3, p 79, 1966)

AZAN OR CALL TO PRAYERS

It has been related by Ibn Ishaq, "The people used to gather at the prayer timings without a call to prayers as they knew the appointed timings. The Apostle of God intended to call the people (for establishing the five daily prayers offered in congregation regularly) by blowing into a trumpet like Jews, but he himself disliked the idea, then he talked of calling the people by ringing the bell but he discarded to follow this way too. It was not yet decided how to call the people for five daily prayers until a man Abdullah bin Zaid bin Thalaba saw Azan in a dream. He came to the Apostle of Allah and said: "In a dream I saw a man in green clothes holding a bell in his hand, I asked him, 'Will, you sell this bell?' He said, 'What will you do with it?' I said, 'We shall call the people for the prayers.' He said, 'Shouldn't I tell you a way better than it?' I asked, 'What is that?'

He said, 'You say, Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar (God is great) twice, Ash-hado An!a llaha Illallah, twice (I testify there are no partners to God. Hs is Unique). Ash-hado anna Muhammad al Rasul Allah, twice (I testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of God), Hayya Ala al Salat (pronunciated as salah) twice, (come to prayers), Hayya ala al falah twice, (come to success), Allaho Akbar (God is great) twice. La ilaha illallah (there are no partners to God He is Unique).'

After hearing this the Apostle of God said, "This is true dream, and you stand with Bilal and tell him to call for the prayers with these words as he has a penetrating voice." (Ibn Hisham)

Whem Umar bin Al Khartab heard the Azan at his house he came to the Apostle of Allah and said, "0 the Prophet of God! By Him who sent you with truth. I also saw the dream like the one which was seen." The Aopstle of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said, "All the praises be to God for this." (guidance) (Ibn Kathir in his AI-Bidaya). This tradition has also been reported by Abu Dawood, Al Tirmizi, Ibn Maja, and Ibn Khazima.

In another narration of Ibn Hisham, it has also been said that the Prophet was revealed this Azan. Ibn Kathir said, "This confirmed the true dream of Abdullah bin Zaid as held by few Ulemas." (Al Bidaya wa al Nihaya Vol: 3 p 233, 1966)

IQAMAT OR THE ESTABLISHING OF THE PRAYERS

The order for Azan was given to assemble the Muslims on the appointed timings in mosque. But after hearing Azan the Muslims take some time to reach mosque as they have to perform ablution. It is therefore, essential to give a little interval between Azan and the prayers so that people may gather at ease, therefore, the Apostle of God ordered to call Iqamat, before establishing of the prayer. Iqamat is same as Azan with addition of the words, Iqamat as-Salah 'the prayer is established, the prayer is established'. Hearing these words, the faithful stand in straight lines for offering prayers in congregation.

THE CHANGE OF QIBLAH

The foolish of the people will say: What hath turneth them from the qiblah Which they formerly observed? (2/142)

We have seen the turning of thy face to the heaven (for guidance, 0 Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) toward a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place Of Worsip (Kaaba) and ye (0 Muslim), Wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it. (2/144)

The qiblah of the prophets of Bani Israel and the Christians was Jerusalem. All these offer their prayers facing it. The Prophet of all the prophets (Nabi al Anbia) while offered his prayers stood in a direction facing Kaaba and Jerusalem at the same while. But after his migration to Medina, it was no more possible. He desired by the core of his heart to face Abraham's Qiblah in the prayers. Many times he prayed God and turned his face to heaven waiting His order for the change of qiblah. In the aforesaid revelation God stating the restlessness of His Prophet's heart for the desired change, ordered all the Muslims to turn their faces to Abraham's Qiblah in their prayers.

Ibn Jarir, Ibn AI-Manzar, and AI-Baihaqi relate from Abdullah Ibn Abbas that the first order of abrogation in the Holy Quran was about the qiblah of Jerusalem. When the Holy Prophet migrated to Medinah God ordered him to face Jerusalem in his prayers. This pleased the local Jews. The Prophet established prayers facing Jerusalem for some over ten months. The Holy Prophet who loved Abraham's Qiblah used to pray God and see towards heaven. So God gave the desired order as referred in the revelation above. (Dur al Manthur)

Imam Bukhari and others relate from Bara bin Azib that the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) established the prayers for about 16 to 17 months facing Jerusalem. He desired that the qiblah should be changed to Kaaba. After the order, the first prayer he offered facing Kaaba was the Asar (afternoon) prayer, and the people also offered their prayer-in congregation following him. One of the men who had offered his prayer with the Prophet passed by a mosque where the Muslims were in ruku (bowing down position) in their prayer. He addressed them saying, By God he offered the prayer with the Prophet facing Kaaba, they turned to Kaaba in their 'ruku'. (Dur al Manthur)

Ibn Ishaq, Abd bin Humaid and Ibn Abi Hatim relate from Bara that the Prophet of Allah prayed facing Jerusalam and often saw towards heaven waiting the order of God. So God revealed the above referred verses (Dur al Mansur) Ibn Mardoya relate from Abdullah bin Umar that the first prayer which the Apostle of God offered facing Kaaba was Zuhar prayer.

Ibn Kathir says, "it is famous that the change of Qiblah occured in Asar (after noon) prayer. Ibn Mardoya relates from Navaila daughter of Muslim. She said, "We were praying Zuhar or Asar prayer in the Mosque of Bani Harith facing the temple of Jerusalem, and had offered two rakats when one came and told that the Prophet prayed facing "Inviolable Place of Worship. We changed the direction and the ladies came in place of men and the men came in place of ladies. When the Prophet was informed of it he said, "these are the people who believe in the unseen."

Mujahid and other expounders of the Holy Quran say, "when the above verses for the change of qiblah were revealed, the Prophet was offering Zuhar prayer in the mosque of Bani Salma, and had completed two rakat, he moved on his place towords Kaaba, and the men while moving came on the place of women, and the women in place of men." The change of qiblah occurred two months before the battle of Badr.

IN PROOF OF THE PRAYERS

The Books of Traditions state every minute detail on five time prayers, the account of the appointed timings, the traditions on number of rakats on five daily prayers, the account of sunnahs before and after the salat al Fardh (obligatory prayers). The conditions of observing the prayers and their rites. The description of wajibs (essentials) in a prayer. The description of sunnahs in a prayer. The description as to the recitation of Holy Quran in a prayer. The five daily prayers in course of journey. The establishing of Fard salat in a battle. The account of salat for a sick man. The account of bodily cleanliness before the prayers, the cleanness of the clothes. The description of the ablution. The account of five daily prayers in a mosque, i.e. account of manner of offering prayers in mosque. The account of Immamate in prayers. The virtues in establishing five daily prayers. The account of tortures on leaving five daily prayers. The virtues of prayers offered in mosque. The account of tortures on leaving the mosque prayers. The account of the volunteery prayres. The salat for evoking the mercy of God to rain. The salat at the time of fear. The salat evoking the mercy of God on eclipses. Tahajjud prayers, salat al Doha, salat Awabin, (these are additional prayers not necessary). However, there are innumerable Ahadith on the prayers that no tinge of doubt is left on five daily prayers. That is why When Ghulam Ahmad Pervez denied the five daily prayers, he denied Islam, Any man who even deliberately leaves his salat is said to have 'indulged in Kufr' (infidelity).