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Chapter I

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Reduting the denouncers of five daily prayers & hadit

THE NATIONAL EVIDENCE ON HADITH & FIVE DAILY PRAYERS.

God, the Supreme, the Glorious narrated the events of the prophets and their miracles repeatedly in his Book the Holy Quran. Among these, there are such events and miracles on which the Jews and the Christians have full faith. Their ancestors had been conveying from chest to chest these events and miracles as narratives from the times long past. These national narrations are so strong among them that they do not doubt in their validity. These national narratives form the foundation of their religion. These histories are their articles of faith which tie them with their religions. Similarly among the other nations of the world such religious traditions form the basis of their faith. They have deep attachment with these narratives. Their religious life is developed on these narratives.

To remind these former peoples of their prophets, to remind them of their teachings, to remind them of the Truth with which they were sent, to remind them of the glad tidings which they had given of the advent of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), to remind those clear signs of Muhammad which were described in their Scriptures and lastly to remind of the Covenant*1 with which their prophets had bound them to believe in Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and render him help whenever they found him,. Allah mentioned the aforesaid narratives, relating the events and miracles of the former prophets to rally them round Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) for renewing their affirmation which they had undertaken before their former prophets. God gave Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) more astonishing miracles than the former Prophets so that the people should testify his prophet-hood and the truth with him. As he would take the humanity out of the gloom*2 to a blooming future.

We saw that the Rabbis admitted all the Quranic narratives regarding the events and the miracles of the former prophets for e.g., in the narrtive of Moses (alahi al salam) and Pharaoh, turning of Moses' staff into a serpent gliding, and its swallowing*3 of all the magicians serpents, saving of Israelites and drowning*4 of Pharaoh and his people in the sea.

The gushing forth of water from rock with the smite of Moses'staff, the transportation of that rock from place to place with 12 springs in it, Moses falling down in a swoon by God's Glory on the mount*1, these are such histories that every Jew has faith in them, and not one Jew falsified these narratives before the Prophet, instead their books verify them as referred in the foot margin.

Similarly the Christians admitted the events and the miracles pertaining to Jesus Christ (alaihi al salam) as are found in Quran. In the tenth year of Hijra there came a deputation of Christians from Najran. The deputation never denied any event described by Quran regarding Jesus. As a matter of fact the miracle proves the absolute power of God, that who quickeneth life showed His power through Jesus Christ that the deads*2 were raised by His leave, the clay birds flew, the lepers and the blind got cured by His (God the Unique) leave. The Holy Quran referring Jesus mentions:

"And behold! thou makest Out of clay, as it were, The figure of a bird, By My leave, And thou breathes into it, And it becometh a bird

By My leave, And thou heals, those Born blind, and the lepers, By My leave, And behold! thou Bringest forth the dead By My leave. (5/110)

The words 'by My leave' prove the miraculous power was not the attribute of any prophet but it only rested with God the Unique. The miracles prove two things, firstly the absolute power of God to do all things which might look to us impossible in happening, and secondly the genuineness of the prophet, as the impossibilities cannot be demonstrated by the pretenders. That is why the miracles leave a deep impression on human mind, and the people respected that august personality through whom God the Unique showed his tremendous power. However, the Christians highly honour these narratives.

Every nation of the world highly esteems her national narratives. They extremely regard these historical events as they had been hearing them from their ancestors. They don't require to substantiate their histories with other proofs because the whole nation had been the eyewitness of those events or miracles, and since then those events or miracles had continually been conveyed from generation to generation from forefathers. This is the National evidence on which everyone believes.

Through these histories, we have learnt the culture of old Romans, these narratives have made us to admit, Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. We have built the foundation of old history on such narratives, which a student of history fondly studies. The skill of writing could be developed much later. If we had any old inscriptions those too lacked authenticity and could never cover the whole history, therefore, the foundation of old history is only on such narratives.

But before the advent of the Holy Prophet enlightened the earth, there was no way to protect those old narratives. Even the languages in which the Scriptures were sent totally disappeared from the face of the earth. The original Psalms, the original Torah and the original Bible were irretrievably lost. What remained were the hearsay narratives, but the real religion imparted by the prophets vanished from the former peoples. The former kings winning the greedy rabbis and priests mutilated the commandments of religion. These sages corrupted the rules and misguided people. Thus the religion preached by the prophets was deformed. After about hundred years of Christ, the Torah and the Bible were written. These were nothing but the corruption of the real text embodying their own inventions. Nothing was left except the historical efficacy of the famous events and the miracles. The miracles were considered the personal acts of the prophets, so he was contemplated as God or a partner in Godhead, but on account of the historical efficacy of these events and miracles people could keep their attachment with their religion.

God relating these events and miracles invited the former peoples to assemble under the banner of Muhammad Nabi al Anbia (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). He was bestowed more astonishing miracles than the former prophets. The Holy Quran might not be mutilated like Psalms, Torah and the Bible, God himself took the responsibility of preserving it:

"We have without doubt, Sent down the Message; And We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption) (15/9)

God made it impossible for every one in the world to produce a single verse of revelation like the one in the Holy Quran. He preserved the Holy Quran in the chests of the faithful by producing Huffaz (the ones who learn and remember the whole Quran by heart). To preserve Quran, He safeguarded the traditions of the Prophet by making them inseparable as we didn't learn Quran except through the words of the Prophet. Please see details part I, chapter 'THE LAST MECCAN PROPHET'.

Much before the advent of Islam reading and writing was customary among Arabs. Ibn al Nadeem relates from Abdullah bin Abbas, "The first Arabic writers were the three men from Bolan Tribe which was an offshoot of Tai Tribe. They lived at Anbar, and their names were Murara bin Marah, Aslam bin Sidrah and Amir bin Jadrah. Ibn Nadeem wrote that he had seen a document in the library of Mamun a! Rasheed written by the grand father of Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). He copied the text of the document.

Allama Ballazri in his 'Futuh al Buldan' p. 471 (printed in Europe) wrote, "At the time when Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was given his divine mission, seventeen persons knew reading and writing. Among them were Umar, Ali, Uthman, Abu Ubaidah, Talha, Zaid, Abu Sufyan, Shafa bint Abdullah etc." Abu Bakar had written a precept of peace for Suraqa bin Malik as asked for by him from the Prophet (!bn Hisham) This shows Abu Bakar also knew reading and writing.

In 'Tabqat Ibn Saad' (chapter the 'Battle of Badar' p. 14), we find the captives of Badar were asked to pay ransom but every captive who could not pay was asked to teach reading and writing to ten boys in return. Zaid bin Thabit a scribe of revelations had learnt that way. This also proved that the Prophet right from the beginning of his Medinite life had given great importance to reading and writing and many persons had thus learnt from the captives of Badar.

Many Ahadith prove genuinely that the Prophet had allowed some of his companions to write his utterances. Imam Bukhari quoted Abu Huraira, "None of the Sahabas (companions) could excel me in leaning the traditions by heart except Abdullah bin Amar bin AI-Aas, as he wrote the traditions of the Prophet and I didn't. It was the habit of Abdullah Bin Amar to write whatever he heard from the Prophet of God. Quraish stopped him and said, "some times the Prophet is in a state of anger and some times he is pleased and you write every thing."

Abdullah bin Amar stopped writing and informed the Holy Prophet. The Prophet pointing to his mouth said, "you write whatever comes out of it is the truth." The note book in which he wrote the Ahadith was named 'Sadiqa'. (Abu Dawood)

Whenever many persons gathered round Anas to hear the traditions, he took out a note book and told that these were those utterances of the Prophet which he wrote (Tqayud Al llm by Khateeb al Baghdadi).

The Prophet sent the rules of regular charity (Zakat) to many tribes duly written.

In a tradition of Sahih Bukhari Abu Huraira narrated, "In the year of Mecca's conquest a Khizai killed a man in Haram. Then the Apostle of God gave a sermon riding on a dromedary. A man from Yemen requested," 0 Apostle of Allah! I want this sermon be written for me. "The Prophet ordered so."

Over and above the aforesaid written record of Ahadith, the first four Caliphs ruled under the Muslim Law, as such all the precepts of the Prophet were continually put in force, and as such the knowledge of Hadith remained fresh.

Juhaifa asked Ali if he had a book. Ali replied he didn't have any book except the Holy Quran. Juhaifa asked enquiringly, "what is written in the paper in your hand." Ali replied, "It contained the law of 'Blood money', the rules regarding the release of the captives, and the order that no Muslim will be beheaded in retribution to killing of an infidel (Bukhari). The above facts prove that many rules of Muhammadan Law were dictated by the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam).

Right from the beginning of Umayyad Caliph it was ordered to collect all the record of Hadith. Imam Zuhri a most reverend scholar who took much pains in collecting Ahadith used to visit every house of Ansari (the Helpers of the Prophet), and asked every young and old among the men and women the traditions of the Prophet and wrote*1 them. He was a Qurashite by geneology and had seen many Sahabas. He was born in 50th Hijra, and attended the court of Abdul Malik bin Marwan in 80th Hijra. He accorded him a great honour. Husa bin Aqba and Muhammad bin Ishaq are among Zuhri's pupils.

Allama Zahbi in his Tazkira al Huffaz' mentioning the biographical memoirs of Zuhri wrote, "After the murder of Waleed bin Yazeed, when the department of traditions and narratives was moved from Waleed's library, the works of Imam Zuhri alone were transported on horses and donkeys."

Umar bin Abdul Aziz gave a great development to writing and compilation works. He sent orders throughout his domain for the compilation of Ahadith.

Abu Bakar bin Muhammad bin Amar bin Hazam Ansari who was a great expounder of traditions and had been the teacher of Imam Zuhri and judge at Medinah was specially ordered for the compilation of Ahadith. (Tabqat Ibn Saad Vol. 2 p. 134)

The traditions of the Prophet narrated by Aesha the mother of the faithfuls form the component part of the Muslim Law and Islamic belief. Umar bin Abdul Aziz ordered that these narratives should be written down and sent to him. All the Ulemas unanimously agree that Amrah daughter of Abdul Rahman preserved most of her narratives. She was brought up and educated by Aesha (radiallah anha). Amrah was considered to have the great knowledge of Ahadith of the Holy Prophet, Abu Bakar bin Hazam wrote all the traditions narrated by Aesha (radiallah anha) and sent to the Caliph.

Abu Bakar bin Hazam had with him the precepts of the Prophet regarding blood money, regular charity and other commandments etc. These written precepts were given by the Prophet to his grand father Amar Bin Hazam when he sent him to Najran (Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim).

Hafiz bin Abdul Bar in his Jama-e-Bian al llm Vol. 1 p. 76, narrated from Ibn Shahab Zuhri, "Umar bin Abdul Aziz ordered us to collect the Ahadith. We collected the traditions of the Prophet and wrote many volumes. Then he sent one set to every part of his dominion."

The Apostle of God enticed people for learning and teaching very effectively. Imam Shafai and Baihaqi narrated from Ibn Masud, and Imam Ahmad, Ibn Maja and Darmee narrated from Zaid bin Thabit that the Apostle of God said, "God might refresh the face of that slave (i.e. slave of God) who heard me, learnt by heart, kept in his memory and imparted to others."

The Prophet's mosque offered the field of learning. To learn the traditions of the Prophet and Quran by heart was considered the only course to gain knowledge. A group of the companions of the Prophet called 'As-hab As-suffa' had devoted their life in learning and teaching. In a narration related by Imam Bukhari, Abu Huraira said, "When our brother Ansars were busy in worldly affairs, I kept myself in the sevice of the Prophet, and remembered the Ahadith by heart."

The memorising of Ahadith continued throughout the period of Caliphate, and there were numerous Huffaz who learnt the traditions of the Prophet by heart.

It should not be forgotten that the Apostle of God said, "Any one who attributed a false saying towards me, would be thrown in the fire." Therefore, the narrators of Ahadith while quoting from the Prophet took severest precaution. They quoted the verbatim of his 'sayings' and if at any place the narrator had the least doubt as to the exact wordings he added the words 'or he said similar to that'.

Not only this, to scrutinize the exactness of the traditions, a full-fledged research was made of about 13 thousands persons who were link in narrating the traditions of the Holy Prophet. Their soundness of character, the position of their affairs, and their reliability was written down, so that no doubt should remain as to the precision of any tradition. The books, Tabqat Ibn Saad', Kitab Al Sahaba by Ibn Sakan, Kitab AI-Uqailee Fi Sahaba, Kitab Ibn Abi Hatim, Kitab Al Baghwi, Asad al Ghaba, Istiab, and Asaba fi Ahwal al Sahaba etc contained their detailed conditions.

Imam Zuhri and his teacher Abu Bakar bin Hazam and other narrators of Ahadith found the age of the companions of the Prophet. The famous Sahabas who related the most of Hadith are:- Abdullah bin Masud...died 32 A.H., Abu Musa Ashari died 42 A.H., Moghira bin Shoba died 50 A.H., Abu Huraira died 59 A.H., Abdullah bin Amar al Aas Al Sahmi died 65 A.H., Abdullah bin Abbas died 68 A.H., Saeed bin Malik bin Sanan al Khudri died 74 A.H., Jabir bin Abdullah bin Haram al Salmi died 78 A.H., Anas bin Malik died 90 A.H., Abdullah bin Umar died 73 A.H., the mother of the faithful Aesha died 58 A.H., Sahal bin Saad Sadi died 91 A.H. These were the torch bearers of Islam. The most precious treasures of Hadith were taken from them.

Besides them Saeed bin Jubair died 95 A.H., Akramah Maula Ibn Abbas died 105 A.H., Hasan Basri died 110 A.H., left the most precious written traditions, they were those who found Sahabas.

To say that Hadiths were written in the second century of Hijra is the mere concoction of the denouncers of Hadiths (Ahadith), and the above facts prove fully the falsity of their claim.

Over and above the written collection of Ahadith which was written during the life time of the Prophet, most of the Ahadith were taken directly from Sahabas, and the companions of the Prophet are those to whom God admired in his Holy Book:

"Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him. They are Allah's party. (58/22)

There are other revelations which account for the virtues and privileges of Sahabas. The Prophet acclaiming his companions said, "The likeness of my Sahabas is as the likeness of the guiding stars, whomsoever you follow you will be guided on the right path." He also said, "Beware (of opening your tongue) in slighting my Sahabas. Dont make them the target of your calumny. Who loves them, loves them for his love for me, and who spites them, spites for his spite for me. Who maligns them, maligns me, and who maligns me maligns God. God will very soon seize the person who maligns Him." Therefore, the Ahadith which were directly taken from them were beyond any shadow of doubt.

Now those traditions which were recorded with two or three links in between the real narrator, were subjected to severe scrutiny. Though the writing of Ahadith had become very common in spite of it the reliability of the narrators in a chain link relating every tradition was put to test fully. Their life sketches were written. The principles for examining Hadith were determined. After this severe scrutiny*1 and research 'Ahadith' were classified according to the degree of their reliability and a wonderful collection of such traditions was obtained which was declared beyond suspicion by the jurists.

Muhaddiseen (i.e. those who devoted their lives in learning, teaching, and collecting traditions of the Holy Prophet) again classified 'Ahadith' in various groups such as 'Ahadith' on, Tauhid', (the Uniqueness of God), faith, cleanliness of the body, the daily five time prayers, the timings of the prayers, Azan, fasting, regular, charity, sales, the funerals, Hajj, contract to marriage and divorce, the sins, the punishments, Jihad, the symptoms of Doomsday, etc, etc. The expounders of the traditions recorded their comments in many volumes on traditions of the Holy Prophet.

I have already written in part I of this book under the heading 'Last Meccan Prophet', that the Prophet was the only person to give the exegesis of the Quran and have fully proved that 'ahadith' and the Holy Quran are fully co-related. It was, therefore, that the 'Muhaddiseen' (expounders of Hadith), wrote the commentary on the Holy Quran as guided by the Holy Prophet. They proved every problem of Islamic polity from the genuine traditions of the Apostle of God. However, such an insurmountable castle on the Quran and Hadith was built that no power on earth could even slightly amend the Islamic social order or the laws of 'Shariat'. The hypocrites and the renegades and the apostates, in spite of their untiring efforts since 1400 years, could never dismantle the walls of that castle nor they would ever be able to break them. The Quran and Hadith have put fetters on every rebel and insurgent. This is that protection of God which has shaken down every attempt to malign the religion:

'We have, without doubt, Sent down the Message; And We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption). (15/9)

The word Message also includes the traditions of the Prophet of God, which are the annotations of the Quran and religion. Had it not been for his traditions, the Quranic verses would have been interpolated to their final mutation.

The five time daily prayers were greatest of all the actions of Nabi al Anbia (the Prophet). Immediately after the five daily prayers were made obligatory, these were congregationally established regularly. After the construction of the Prophet's mosque, the five daily prayers had regularly been offered in congregation. The Apostle of God himself led the devotions. Whenever, he went on a war expedition or journey, he appointed his deputy who did Imamate besides other duties. Whenever he went on a war expedition or journey, he appointed his deputy who did Imamate besides other duties. During the course of journey the Prophet led the five daily devotions in diminution (Qasr). The details of the salat al Qasr are found in the Ahadith.

There are numerous traditions of the Prophet on five daily prayers. There are separate chapters in every book of tradition on five prayers a day (24 hours), or in other words on five daily prayers, the evidence of numerous companions of the Prophet duly stood recorded, and this national evidence of Ashab al Rasul (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) which exists in hundreds of traditions is so successive, constant, linked, and detailed that only a denier of Islam can denounce the five daily prayers. This is only one side of the proof of five daily devotions. Now let's take the second side.

After the construction of the Prophet's mosque the five 'Fardh' salat (obligatory prayers) in a day and night had regularly been established congregationally for ten years during the life time of the Prophet. In his death sickness the Prophet appointed Abu Bakar to led these devotions regularly and so on the five daily obligatory prayers continued during the entire period of Khilafat Rashidah (the first thirty years of the Caliphate), without break. During the life time of the most of the companions of the Prophet, the reigns of the government were taken by Umayyad's Caliphs and the five daily Fardh prayers did continue as they exist now. After the 'Conquest of Mecca' the five daily Fardh prayers were established in the Grand Holy Mosque Mecca. Since the time of the Holy Prophet till today, the Muslims come from all the countries of the world for the performance of Haj. They very regularly observe these five Fardh prayers daily in Haram. In every country of the world where the Muslims live, they perform the daily five 'Fardh' prayers in their mosques congregationally. Since one thousand three hundred and ninety nine years in the Prophet's Mosque and since one thousand three hundred and ninety three years in the Grand Mosque, the five daily 'fardh prayers' are being so constantly led in congregation that there had never been a break. And millions of the Muslims of the world had been the eye-witness establishing themselves the five daily prayers, and the millions still participate in these devotions led by Imams. What else witness shall be better than this, that millions of the Muslims in every part of the world are not only the eyewitness of five fardh salat daily but they themselves are establishing them.

Look the Jews, that they believe and respect those hearsay traditions of one thousand B.C. or more which do not carry any trust worthy evidence at all. Similarly the three years of the apostle-hood of Jesus could not preserve the single original saying of Jesus. The 'Trinity' was innovated after 400 years of Jesus Christ, but the Christians respect their national narratives whatever they might be. The British Crown could never dare to go against its constitution which stands on mere conventions. But the Hadith of the Holy Prophet and five daily obligatory prayers stand no comparison with such unreliable narratives. These prayers and Hadith did come to us with strongest possible testimony consisting of the 'National Evidence' of the companions of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). This 'National Evidence' is so lucid, detailed and crystal clear that no suspicion can cling to it. These Fardh salat are not only being established in the Prophet's Mosque and Haram Mosque but every habitation of the Muslims in the world is devoted to it. In spite of such forceful and undeniable testimony an anti-christ of the day (Ghulam Ahmad Parvez) denounces the five Fardh daily prayers and denied the ahadith pertaining to it by quarreling in their number and by interpolating in the meaning of salat. He is continuing in his efforts to mislead the Muslims. The Muslims have ever been cautious with such apostates and shall remain upright in guarding the sacred duties of their religion. (9/108)

  1. Please see The Miscreants Hold The Quran is Sufficient. Never. The Prophet's Sunnah Is In-Evitable page 54.
  2. The prophet was innocent and there wasn't any slightest possibility for him to commit any fault. It was his great privilege that God said for him, "God may forgive him for his fault of the past and that which is to come." In the Holy Quran. No other prophet could enjoy this privilege.
  3. Al Bidaya wa al Nihaya Vol. 3 page 31.
  4. This I have narrated in detail in part II of this book
  5. Al Bidaya waal Nihaya Vol. 3 page 31. Qiblah is the place towards which the face is turned at prayer. The first qiblah of the Muslims was Jerusalem, which gave rise to misunderstanding on the part of Jews of AI-Medinah, who wished to draw the Muslims to Judaism. This was the cause of the Prophet's anxiety. God ordered to change the direction in prayers towards Kaaba at Mecca as desired by His Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam).
  6. Please see -part II the 'Covenant' of this book. This I have discussed in more detail while writing historical evidence on the universality of Muhammad's (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) prophet-hood. The Covenant is also discussed in the Chapter Nabi al Anbia of this Book.
  7. Gloom and how Muhammad vanished it? please see part II of this Book
  8. EXOD 7, 10-12.
  9. EXOD 15,4-5.
  10. EXOD 33, 20.
  11. All the miracles of Jesus have been described in the Gospels.
  12. Tahzib al Tahzib Tarjuma Imam Zuhri (Muhammad bin Muslim),
  13. The famous books on biography (Asma al Rijal) which contain the biography of the middle narrators, as to their character intelligence, reliability, their knowledge and power of remembrance etc,, etc, are Tahzib al Kamal,' Tahzib al Tahzib, and Tarikh Kabir al Bukhari, etc.