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Chapter IX

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The Quran & The Modern Inventions

The very first precept of the Quran is to believe in the unseen. This Book of God directs:

Alif, lam, meem, This is the Book whereof there is no doubt, in it is the guidance unto those who fear God. Who believe in the unseen, and are steadfast in prayer, and spent out of what We have bestowed upon them; (2/1-3)

Few verses of the Holy Quran begin with some alphabets. Whether these alphabets carry some special meaning or not this is still unknown. Every faithful has faith in these alphabets as he has the faith in the Book itself.

Similarly, many verses of the Quran mentioning some scientific facts regarding the creation of the man and the universe, the stars and planets, the earth sciences, and the other scientific facts etc. remained unexplained till we entered into the modern era of scientific knowledge. The former commentator offered the exegesis of these verses to the best of their knowledge and if they couldn't they said, Allah and His Apostle know it, for example:

A man asked Ibn Abbas about, 'A Day whereof the measure is thousand years. '(32/5) He counter asked him, 'what is a Day whereof the span is fifty thousand years. '(70/4) the man said, 'I asked you to explain it to me. He said, "These are two Days which Allah has mentioned, and He knows about them and I dislike to utter any thing about the Book of Allah which I do not know." (Ibn Kathir)

This was because the Muslims believed and still believe head and heart in the unseen. God said:

Falsehood cannot come to it (Quran) from before it or behind it. It is sent down from the Wise, worthy of all praises. (41/42)

This was the reason that few of the verses looked incredible to the orientalists and the infidels, but the Muslims faith in the Quran remained unshaken. In the topics already preceded, I have exposed few such verses of the Holy Quran and now I invite attention of the reader to few more of them, which could be very well understood only after the modern inventions for e.g.

The men in the Heaven will call out to men in the fire:

We have that which our Lord promised us (to be) the Truth. Have you too found that which your Lord promised you (to be) the Truth? They say yes and a crier between them shall proclaim: The curse of God is on evil doers: Who hinder men from the (path of Allah) and would have it crooked, and who are the disbelievers in the Last Day. Between them shall be a veil. And on the heights are men who know them all by their marks. And they call unto the men in the Heaven: Peace be unto you! They will not have entered (Paradise), although they have (Positive) hope to enter. And when their eyes will turn towards the men in the fire, they say: (O) Our Lord place us not with wrong doing folk. The men on the heights call unto men whom they know by their marks, (saying) : Of what profit to you, were your collected wealth and your pride?

Behold are these not the men of whom you swore that Allah would not show them mercy? (Unto them it had been said): Enter the Heaven. No fear shall come upon you, nor shall ye ever grieve. And the men in the Fire cry out unto the men in the Heaven: Pour down to us some water or of some of that God doth provide you for your sustenance.

They will say: Lo! Allah hath forbidden both to disbelievers (7/ 44-50)

The above verses are from Surah Al - Araf, (The Heights), the chief points of discussion are:

  1. A dialogue between the people in the Heaven and the people in the Fire.
  2. There are people on the height seeing and talking to both of them.
  3. There is a 'Hijab' meaning veil, curtain, screen, between the people in the Heaven and the people in the Fire.
  4. The men in the Heaven recognize their acquaintances in the Fire by their face marks and so on the people in the Fire identify the men in the Heaven.
  5. The men in the Fire would long for water sustenance from the people in the Heaven.

The question arises how the men in the Heaven can see the men in the Fire? When particularly:

The breadth of the Heaven is as the width of the sky and the earth. (57/ 21)

And certainly the Hell will be far far away from the Heaven. Imam Razi (Rhazes 543 - 606.H) has also raised a question he says, so with this magnanimous distance how a call can be possible?" Imam Razi himself replied it saying," to us extreme closeness or remoteness of the distance (contention) said, 'that there are scientists who say that there is a peculiarity about the voice that in the distance alone cannot be impediment from hearing. "This statement shows that the scientists of his times were developing some positive theory about the sound waves.

RUINATION OF THE MUSLIM SCIENTIST'S WORKS

In the Chapter VIII, I have very briefly discussed major Muslim scientist's works. The history recorded their ruination. In 616 H. Ghengiz Khan invaded the Islamic countries and brought great death and destruction. Even the son of Imam Razi i.e. Dhiauddin a scientist, and Shamsuddin a great scholar along with their sister were taken prisoners to Herat.

Al Mustasim Billah Abbasi took over the reins of Caliphate in 640 H. in Baghdad. He appointed Muhammad Bin Alqami a Shia as his minister. There were extreme squabbles between Shia and Sunni. Ibn Alqami treacherously invited Halaque Khan to attack Baghdad. Halaque came with an army of two hundred thousand. On 12th Muharram 656 H., It was framed up by his Shia minister to kill the Caliph while conducting negotiations. At least the Caliph duly accompanied by the Shia traitors Ibn Alqami and Nasiruddin Tusi (the scientist) was taken to the camp of Halaque Khan to sign the treaty. The Caliph Mustasim was killed brutally and Halaque fell upon the unarmed men of the city. The infidel forces killed about two million Muslims. The death and destruction of Baghdad was unparallel in the history of the world. The blood streams, the burnt houses, the dead bodies of the children, women and men had polluted the air to hundreds of miles spreading decease for several months. The Tartars in search of money, have thrown away everything they got in the houses, even the book were thrown into the river. Later, the infidel forces bringing complete ruination everywhere down treaded Syria. The cities of learning went under such a horrible devastating that the Muslims particularly in the field of science could never regain the loss.

Ibn Alqami nor could win any honor for his treachery neither he could save his Shia community (except few) from the hands of the invaders who were resolute to plunder every house. Further Halaque Khan made him his animal keeper. (Ibn Kathir).

Only Tusi was taken temporarily as his ministerial advisor. He also made an observatory, but if at all any scientists were left there, they could not gather round him due to his hand in the treachery against the Muslims.

However, one by the name of Al Muzafar Qutz had seen in a dream, that the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallem) said to him, You will rule the Egypt and shatter the Tartars. "Qutz was attached to the ruler of Egypt Al Moiz. Al Moiz was assassinated. His young son Nooruddin al Mansur succeeded him. When Tartar attacks were heard, it was felt that the young ruler would not be able to cope with the situation. Al Muzafar Qutz was made to take over from the young ruler in Zulqada 657 H. He made the preparation to face the Tartars who had intended Egypt after Iraq and Syria had fallen to them without resistance. The Muslim force commanded by Al Muzafar Qutz countered Tartars at Ain Jaloot in Ramdhan 658 H. This was the first time that the Muslim army faced Ta'tars. After the bloody and pitched battle the Ta'tar were routed. Al Muzafar Qutz continued to pursue them till they were finally driven out from the Muslim land before the end of the same year.