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Testimony 17 - 19

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Testimony: The Bodily ascent of the Prophet Muhammad

Imam Razi said: "It is finally held (Nas) that Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord by his heart as his vision was put in his heart, or he saw him by his eyesight as his heart was put in his eyes, (i.e. the heart confirmed what the eyes saw).

And how can we say no? It is the belief of Sunnis that the vision is neither within the power of the slave nor by his will. If Allah gives any knowledge by way of eyesight, it is vision. And if he gives by way of heart, it is perception or intuition...

The companions of the Prophet have difference of opinion in this matter. Their dissent informs to the occurrence of the aforesaid matter."

Ibn Mardaviya reported from Ibn Abbas who said: Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord by his eyes.

Ibn Mardaviya reported from Anas having said: Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord.

Al-Shabi narrated Ibn Abbas met Kaab in 'Arafat' he asked about something, in reply to it Ibn Abbas exclaimed, 'God is great' in a voice which resounded in the mountains and said I am from the children of Banu Hashim, We assert and say that Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) did see his Lord twice. Then Kaab said: No doubt Allah divided his vision and speech in between Muhammad and Moses (alaihima alsalam). So Muhammad saw his Lord twice and Moses talked Him twice. (Ibn Mardaviya, Ibn Jarir, Altirmizi)

Syed Ashraf Ali in his 'Nashr al Teeb' said: Kaab's version does not negate the conversation of God with Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) as it occurred only once at a very special occasion at the night of ascent. And what Ibn Abbas asserted, Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord twice i.e. he saw once by his eyes and once by his heart.

However, what Kaab intended is that Moses was also blessed to have spoken with God twice.

Ibn Jarir reported, Ekramah said: Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord.

Ibn Abbas said: Do you wonder that friendship be for Abraham, and speech for Moses and the vision for Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). (Alnasai, Alhakim, Ibn Mardaviya)

Abdullah Ibn Omar sent to ask Ibn Abbas, if Muhammad saw his Lord. He said: Yes. (Ibn Ishaqu, Albaihaqi). Later Abdullah bin Omar also acceded to the opinion of Ibn Abbas.(R) "AND VERILY HE SAW HIM AT ANOTHER DESCENT BY THE LOTE TREE OF UTMOST BOUNDARY."

The word descent in the aforesaid revelation clearly sates that Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) ascended above the Lote Tree.

Khazin said: "There were several ascents for the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) at that night requesting for the reduction of the number of the prayers, for every ascent there was a descent, in any of these descents he verily saw his Lord. It is reported by Ibn Abbas that he saw his Lord twice, by his heart and he also narrated that he saw him by his eyes."

Ibn Abbas explaining the revelation, 'And verily he saw him another descent said: "The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) did see his Lord, the Exalted, the Gracious."

'Sidrah means Lote Tree. It is narrated by Abdullah bin Masud: "It is in the 6th Heaven. It is the utmost boundary, and whatever is raised by angels or spirits in this world reaches to the Lote Tree, from there it is taken above, and whatever (commandments for execution) descent here, they are taken by the angels for implementation..."

In the tradition of Anas bin Malik by way of Sharik reported by Al-Bukhari, it is said that the Lote Tree is in the seventh heaven. The Ulemas (=scholars) drawing congruity in between the two narration have said that its roots are in the sixth Heaven and its branches over hang the 7th heaven. I have already proved the truthfulness of the narration of Anas from Sharik. Please see Testimony 11, and Testimony 19 sub-paras (L) and (M). The contention of Abdullah bin Abbas that the Prophet of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was blessed with carnal vision of God near the Lote Tree further confirms to Sharik's narrartive, which says:

"Till he reached to the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary and then the Irresistible the Lord of Honour nd Majesty came closer, till He was at two bows length or even nearer."

2) Specifying the Lote Tree Asma bint Abu Bakar (radhi Allah anhuma) narrated that she heard, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: A rider shall cover the distance of one of its twig in hundred years... It was covered with moths from gold and it had its fruit.

I have stated in Testimony 14 that it is God Who created stars million times greater than the earth. He certainly hath created branches in Lote Tree having length of hundred years distance. In few narratives, it is said that the Lote Tree was covered with the locusts of gold, however, it may said be covered with both the moths and the locusts. There is no wonder of them being of gold. One who can create the human body from the earth can create animate beings from the gold as well.

3) In Testimony 16 I have cited few Sahabas (companions) having said that the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw Gabriel at Lote Tree in his real shape, and few say that he saw Allah by his carnal vision. There is no contradiction between two contentions, as the Prophet saw Gabriel as well as God the Glorious.

4) Asma bint Abu Bakar (radhi Allah anhuma) heard the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) specifying the Lote Tree who said: On it were the moths of gold; its fruit was like the berry and its leaves were like the ears of elephant. I (Asma) said: O Apostle of Allah! What did you see near it? He said: I saw near it the Lord. The Glorius, the Exalted. (Ibn Mardaviya, Al-Dur al Manthur)

5) Abdul Razzaq reported by way of Moamman from Hasan who affirmed on oath that the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord. Ibn Khuzaima produced its proof from Urwah bin Zubair. Ibn Abbas and all his colleagues including Kaab al Ahbar, Alzuhri and his colleague Moammar all believe in it. (Al-Mawahib Alladanniya. Vol. II.p.37)

6) Qatada narrated from Anas: Verily Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) saw his Lord, the Glorius, the Exalted. (Musnad Al-Bazzaz)

7) Ibn Abi Hatim in the narrative of Anas about 'Meraj' (ascent) reported the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: "... Then I departed till I reached to the Tree. There I was covered by a cloud of all colours, then Gabriel left me there and I fell on prostrating before Allah, the Exalted, the Glorious. The God said to me: O Muhammad! The day I created the Heaven, and the earth I enjoined 50 prayers (a day) on you and your people, so you and your people establish them. The cloud disappeared. Gabriel took me by hand and returned quickly. I came to Abraham, he did not say anything. Then I came to Moses, he asked me: O Muhammad! What did you do? I said my Lord enjoined on me and on my people 50 prayers. He said you and people would not be able to fulfill them. You go back and request for reduction..."

In a narrative the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) ascended ten times from the Lote Tree requesting for the reduction in the number of said prayers till the number of prayers were left to five (a day) and it was said that these five are in fifty reward. (See Vol. I. part III National Evidence on Ahadith and five daily prayers).

8) THE GRAND RECEPTION OF THE CHIEF OF THE PROPHETS AND THE VISION

The Quran said: When that which shroudeth did shroud the Lote Tree. In the narrative of Abu Huraira we find that the Lote Tree was enshrouded by the 'Noor' (Light) of the Creator, the Exalted, the Glorious. (Al-Dur al Manthur Vol. IV. p.146)

There were two other things, which have covered the Lote Tree, the moths or locusts of gold and in a report; it was also covered with angels.

Abdullah bin Abbas explaining 'when that which shroudeth did enshroud the Lote Tree said: "The angels." (enshrouded the Lote Tree). (Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Mardoya)

Salmat bin Haram referring: 'when that which shroudeth did enshroud the Lote Tree' said: The angels took permission of their Lord, the Blessed the High to look at the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam), they were allowed, so they enshroud it to the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). That is to say that they were in such a great number that they covered the entire big tree containing branches having a distance of hundred years *38, of which roots are in the sixth heaven and its twigs over hang the seventh heaven.

The Ascent (Meraj) of the Chief of the Prophets Muhammad Mustafa (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is an unprecedented amazingly grand reception, which we do not get in the life of any other prophets.

The very purpose of the reception bestowing upon him a great honour and dignity was to show the grand rewards, which Allah has appointed for the faithful and the punishments for the sinful, infidels and the polytheists, so that he might disdain this world and get himself strengthened in calling people to Allah, the Unique, and that he should not be brow beaten by any worldly powers against Islam, and that he might be blessed with a sure knowledge corroborated with sure-vision, as it is said: 'Believe your eyes more than your ears.'

Allah the Exalted sent the favorites among His angels in elevation of his Prophet's dignity. To make him to see the greatest signs of His Lord, God established his observation through the heart operation. (See. The Heart Operation in 7th Century Revelation). In eminence to his loftiness, God sent him a divine ride for his ascent. It is common when a chief guest visits a country, he is given a warm welcome, the national anthems are played, the salute of the guns and that of the array is offered and he is taken to all the historical places and shown their monuments.

Similarly, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) in escort of angels was taken to the Holy land of Medinah al Munawwarah. He was requested to offer prayers over there, because it was the place appointed for his worldly abode, and the tree of Islam was to get enrooted over there and its branches were to over hang all the world over. Then he was taken to Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus, his birth without a father was a grand miracle of God, the Unique. (See. The Birth of Jesus Christ. Vol. I. of this book) There is special affinity between him and Jesus, as Jesus after his descent shall call all the people including Jews and Christians to believe in Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and he will act upon the Islamic Law given by our Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam).

Then he was shown Jerusalem. All the Prophets from Adam to Jesus were there to welcome him. They were waiting his arrival. These were the prophets who had taken Covenant of Faith from their people in Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). (See. Vol. I. The Covenant and part III Ch: IV & V)

We can think their longing to meet the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- whose description qualities and virtues they had been explaining to their people so much so that the Quran said:

Those unto whom we gave the Scripture, recognize him as they recognize their own sons. (2/146)

When the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) reached the Aqsa Mosque (Jerusalem) all the prophets got up and Gabriel led him for Imamate. (Anas/Alnasai) In a report, he was introduced to the prophets. All the prophets stood in the files behind him and he led them in congregation. Thus, the Imam of the prophets and the Chief of the prophets and the apostles was given eminence over all.

In a report of Saeed Alkhudri when the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) in his ascent reached to the Heaven of this world, Gabriel requested to open the gate. An angel named Ismail with an army of 70 thousand angels each of them having one hundred thousand angels received the Prophet of God (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Thus, hundreds of thousand angels were present in grand reception to the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) on the first Heaven. Thus, on every Heaven few among the prophets were present *39 to receive him, that shows that after their gathering at Bait al Maqdis, they proceeded to receive him again in the heavens.

As we now decorate the cities, line up on the roads, and raise slogans to welcome the esteemed guests, the heavens were decorated for the Chief of the Prophets (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam).

Abu Yala, Altabrani in his 'Alausat', and Ibn Asakar. Report, Abu Huraira narrated, the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: I did not pass form Heaven except that I found written that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah and Abu Bakar is his vicegerent (Al-Dur al Manthur Vol. IV.p.152)

In a report of Ibn Asakar we find, Anas narrated, the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: When I was taken on ascent, I saw that on the column of the Throne (=Arsh) is written, 'There is no God but Allah the Unique, Muhammad is His Apostle, and I aided him with Ali.

Ali narrated, the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: The night I was taken on a journey, I found written on the 'Arsh' (Throne). There is no God but Allah, the Unique, Muhammad is His

Apostle, Abu Bakar the Truthful, and Othman the holder of two lights. (Ibn Asakar, Al-Dur al Manthur.Vol.VI.p.154)

The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was given very warm greetings and hailed high on all the heavens. Everyone among the prophets and angels received him with a smile, except the guard of Hell who replied to the salutation of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) but did not smile. The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said to Gabriel: Everyone among the people of Heaven, who came to me, welcomed me with a smile except the one who returned to my salutation but did not smile. He said: O Muhammad! He is the (angel) in charge of Hell, he did not smile since he was created. Had he ever smiled, he would have smiled to you. (Anas/Abi Hatim)

In honour of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam), the prophets and the angels line up in congregation. In a report of Albazzar, Ali (radhi Allah anho) narrated: "... Then the angel (Gabriel) took Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) by hand and advanced him, so he led all the people of heaven in congregation, among them were Adam and Noah. On that day Allah elevated him with utmost eminence over the people of Heaven and earth." (Al-Dur al Manthur)

Abu Noaim in his 'Aldlail al Nubuwwah' mentioning his Imamate over the people of heaven wrote: He was given a perfect eminence over all the creations."

Gates of heavens were opened for him one by one and on every gate, he was welcomed by angels and few of the prophets they all said to him: welcome, welcome, what a wonderful visit he came to! Lastly, he ascended to the 7th heaven, here too were the exchange of greetings.

In a report of Albukhari, Malik bin Sasa narrated, the Prophet of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- said: "... I met Abraham, I saluted him. He said: Welcome to you, my son and the Prophet. Then I was shown 'Al Bait al Mamoor'*40, (The much frequented house). I asked Gabriel about it, and he said: This is Bait al Mamoor where 70,000 thousand angels perform prayers daily and when they leave they never return to it. (i.e. always a new batch comes).

The Muslim in his report by way of Thabit Al Banani mentioning the ascent to 7th heaven, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: "...There I found Abraham reclining against Bait al Mamoor and there enter into it 70,000 thousand angels everyday, never to visit (this place again). Then I was taken to 'Sidratul muntaha' (the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthen were vessels..." (resembling berries)

"Four rivers originate from its roots, two of them are apparent and two of them are hidden." The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) asked Gabriel (about them), he said: The two hidden rivers are in the Heaven, and the two apparent are Nile and Euphrates. (Al-Bukhari). They all take their course to the Paradise except that the two apparent resemble in names from the worldly rivers.

Three characteristics of the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary are mentioned. It has fine fragrance, its shades are very, very lengthy, and its fruit are very tasty.

Imam Razi in his commentary writes: The utmost boundary is called as no angels can go beyond it. It is also said that no spirit among the spirits can surpass this limit. It is also said to be 'Muntaha al Uloom' i.e. the final limit of the knowledge. That is to say, what is beyond it nobody knows. It is a place of utmost boundary to Him. The Lote Tree is attributed to God as we attributed Kaaba to Him. He further said: When the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) reached to it. God revealed His Glory as He had revealed His Glory to the Mount. But the Lote Tree was stronger than the Mount, and it remained in its place whereas the Mount was reduced to dust. The Tree did not move. Moses had fallen down senseless, but Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) did not sway."

Abd bin Humaid reported that Qatada explaining, 'And verily he saw Him at another descent' said: He (the Prophet) saw the Glorious Light near the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary.

Abu Zar said: I asked the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) if had seen His Lord, He replied: 'Noorun anna araho' (The Light, how can I see him. (Muslim)

Al-Mawardi said: "The pronoun in the word 'Araho' reverts to God and the meaning is, the light barred me form His vision." It is common knowledge that the veils of 'Noor' (Light) envelope His self, these veils were between the perceiver and Him. Therefore, the perceiver could not make any perception to His self. (Khazin)

It is also said that 'Light' is a substance and it is not eternal, and God is above these base qualities, as He is not a substance. He is Everlasting.

In a report of Muslim and Ibn Mardoya, we find, Abu Zar asked the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Did you see your Lord? He replied: I saw the 'Noor' (Light)

Khazin replied, 'I saw the Light' said that 'he reckoned that he did not see other than Him. (God) (Vol.VI.p.217)

So, we may say there is 'Noor' (Light) which is neither a substance nor it is accidental phenomena. In Testimony 18 (c) it is preceded that Moses requested his Lord, 'Show (thyself) to me, that I may look upon thee.' (7/143) God told him, 'Thou wilt not see Me' He did not say that He was not to be seen. If a gaze on Him had been totally impossible, He would have cut down the conversation saying 'Thou wilt not see Me,' but he made the vision conditional on the Mount sustaining on its place, so he was told to see towards the mount. Had the vision been impracticable, God would have not intended towards this matter and had not ordered Moses to see the Mount. The manifesting of the Glory is the proof that to vision Him was possible. The Mount did perceive His Glory but as soon as it saw the Glory, it was raised to particles. If it is said the mountain is a dead matter, it will be against the Quran:

And assured We gave David grace from us, (saying) O mountain and birds! Repeats Our praise with him. (34/10)

Even scientifically to call mountains a dead matter is untrue. Why Moses could not vision Allah, the reasons thereof have been narrated in the Testimony 18 (c). The manifestation of the Glory was to vision Him.

Imam Razi writes: "Then When his Lord revealed His Glory to the Mount,' this very verse proves that to vision Him is possible."

The very act of the revealing of the Glory was done for Moses to vision Him. This established that He manifested Himself through His Light or that His Glory had his Light. Therefore, there is some 'Noor' (Light) which is not an accidental phenomenon, is indivisible and not bound by the limits of space and time.

God removed the veils between Him and Moses, no sooner than the veils were taken off, His Light dazzled, the Mount could not with stand it, split into particles and Moses fell down senseless. (*41) This event proves that when the Prophet said that he saw the 'Light' then certainly he had seen Allah, and the Quran described this very vision in the verse:

His sight never swerved nor did it go astray.

When Allah blessed his Prophet with His vision, his eyes unlike Moses never swerved nor did it go astray from the vision. On an appalling place full of innumerable marvels, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) remained humble, modest and stable where even the angels shake with awe of Allah.

Abdul Haq Mohadith Dehlavi in his book 'Madarij al Nubuwwah' writes: "The people asked Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal, how can we prevail over the contention of Aesha (radiallah anha). He said: From the contention the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) who said: I saw my Lord. And the contention of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is greater than what is held by Aesha (radiallah anha). Naqqash reported from Imam Ahmad who said: I shall reply from Hadith of Ibn Abbas who continues to say, he saw Him, he saw Him, till his breath was cut off. (Vol.I.p.313)

Verily he saw greatest signs of his Lord. (53/18)

Abu Hasan bin Ghalib citing Abu Rabi bin Saba in 'Sahifa al Sudoor' narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas, the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) after mentioning the beginning of the night journey as reported in the tradition said: Gabriel came to me, and he accompanied me in journey till he finally stopped at a place.

Then I said: O Gabriel! At such a place, a friend would leave his friend. He said if I go beyond this point, I will get myself burnt with the 'Noor' (Light). The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: O Gabriel! Do you want to say something? He said: O Muhammad! Request Allah to permit me to spread my wings over 'Al Sirat' *42 for your people till they pass over it.

The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- said: Then I was pushed into 'Noor' (Light) I was made to cross over 70 thousand veils all different from the other and I did not have any sensation of a human or an angel, and thus (I got) over powered with the feeling of desolation, at that hour somebody called me in the voice of Abu Bakar, Stop your Lord is 'yusallai' (praying). It made me to think of Abu Bakar went ahead of me, while thinking so I heard a voice from the High, the Exalted, draw near O the best of (all) creations! Come near O Ahmad! Come close O Muhammad! The dearly loved should come close. My Lord made me to come close to Him till I was as He said:

Then he drew near and came closer, till he was at a distance of two bows length or even nearer.

Then my Lord asked me but I could not reply, so He placed His Divine hand in between my shoulders, which had no form or shape or any definition and I found its chill in my chest. Then I was given the knowledge of the firsts and the lasts, and other various knowledge's. He gave me a knowledge and took my words to conceal it and none can be entrusted with it, and a knowledge I was allowed to impart to any one I like. He taught me the Quran and Gabriel used to narrate it to me, and a knowledge I was ordered to convey to all in general and in particular among my people.

I used to hasten with Gabriel (alaihi alsalam) on the verses descended with, so my Lord reproved me and sent me the verse: "And hasten not (O Muhammad) with the Quran ere its revelation hath been perfected unto thee, and say: My Lord! Increases me in knowledge."

After that, I said: O Allah! When I was overtaken by the feeling of desolation, I heard a crier, calling in the voice resembling Abu Bakar said: Stop at your place, Lo! thy Lord 'yusalli' (prays). So, I was amazed by these two things i.e. has Abu Bakar preceded me on this place, and certainly my Lord is far above to pray (for any one).

The High, the Exalted said: I am far above all prayers. I do not offer prayer for anyone. Glory to Me, Glory to Me, my Mercy overtook my indignation. Recite O Muhammad! 'It is He Who and his angels (yusallai) bless you that He may bring you forth from darkness unto light; and He is Merciful to the believers' (33/43). So My prayers are the mercy for you and for your people. As for your companions (Abu Bakar) O Muhammad! Lo, your brother Moses was familiar with his staff. When we intended to talk to him, We said: 'And what is that in thy right hand O Moses! He said: This is my staff. 'Thus We saved him from appalling into great terror (awe) by occupying him into description of his staff. Similarly O Muhammad! Your friendship is with your friend Abu Bakar, and you both have been created by the same clay and he is your friend in the world and in the Hereafter. So I created an angel of his shape who called you in his voice to overcome you from the feeling of desolation and may not be overtaken with great terror devoid you of your sense.

Allah, the Exalted said: What did Gabriel say?

I said: O Allah! You better know it.

He said: I have granted for him what he wanted, but only for those who love you and befriend you..." (Al-Mawahib Alladunniya Vol.II.p.29)

I have already discussed the report by Imam Al-Bukhari from Anas by way of Sharik in Testimony 11 & 19 sub-para (M) & (L). The above narrative. The words 'Draw near O the best of all creations!...My Lord made me to come close etc. etc.', confirm the words of Sharik's report i.e., 'And then the Irresistible, the Lord of Honour drew near and came closer till he was at two bows length.

Favoring the Chief of mankind of all creations, Allah, the Exalted, the High elevated the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and honoured him with real closeness *(43) in rank that which remained unprecedented in the life of any angel or prophet. God bestowed him very special knowledge which none shared with him. All the above facts stand as the exegesis of 'And He revealed unto His slave that which He revealed.'

34. The descent of Jesus will be before the Doomsday. (See. Vol. I. p.III)

35. A place from where the angels copy the order from the Preserved Tablet for implementation all over the world.

36. Kauthar a river in Paradise endowed specially to the Prophet of God (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). It is whiter then milk and sweeter than honey running on a bed of pearls and rubies and smelling musk.

37. The doctrine that God is transcendent reality of which the material universe and man are only manifestations. It involves a denial of God personality and expresses a tendency to identify God and nature.

38. The power of the vision of angels should not be judged to our power of sight. Even on the Day of Judgement the people will be given such an amazing power that they will see everything happing among the billions.

39. Albaihaqui said in a report, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- while being carried to Aqsa Mosque saw Moses in his grave praying and then again in 6th Heaven, similarly he saw the prophets on land (Jerusalem) and the in the heavens. There can be no doubt to their presence in different places in different times as they are alive like martyrs (Vol.II p.135)

40. It is a temple mentioned in the Quran (52/4), which is visited by the heavenly beings for the adoration of their Creator. It is said to have been spiritual prototype of Kaaba in Makkah. (Ibn Kathir). A Yusuf Ali quite opposed to the agreed tradition gave his own explanation which denied its existence in the 7th heaven and derogated to Sunnah.

41. It was said that a more solid substance was crusted down to dust whereas Moses had only fallen senseless. The answer is the bodies of the prophets are like the bodies of the people of the Heaven which would never decay. See Testimony 18 a, b, c.

42. On the very gate of Hell, there is a bridge all over the Hell leading to the Heaven. It is sharper than a sword and thinner than a hair. The people of Heaven will pass over it to the tune of their good deeds. Some like the blinding lightening and some like the wind sent forth. The infidels will fall from over it into the Hell-Fire. The Fire will say to the believer: Pass thou over, for thy light is extinguishing my flame.