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Miracles in Quran

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The Taper Lighted by ALLAH never Sinks

THE QURAN RELATES THE MIRACLES OF THE BLESSED HAND OF THE CHIEF OF THE PROPHET (NABI AL ANBIA) (SALLALLAHO ALAIHI WASALLAM-

The Quran giving the short description of the Battle of Badr said:

You slew then not but Allah slew them. And thou (Muhammad) threwest not when thou didst throw (the handful of small pebbles) but Allah threw (it). That He might test, the believers by a fair test from Him. Lo! Allah is Knower and Hearer. (8/17)

Regarding descent of the verse: 'And thou (Muhammad) threwest not when thou didst throw (the handful of small pebbles) but Allah threw it',

Ibn Abbas said: The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) asked Ali to give him a handful of 'Hasba' (=small pebbles), so Ali did give him, then he threw it towards the folk (enemy) none among the folk could remain but that his eyes were filled by those small pebbles, so the aforesaid verse was sent, 'Thou threwest not...but Allah threw (it). (Al-Tabrani Ibn Mardaviya)

Muhammad bin Kaab Al-Qurzi narrated: when the folk (enemy) came close to each other, the Prophet took handful of dust and he threw it towards the faces of the folk and said: (Your) faces get deformed. The dust entered into the eyes of all of them and the companions of the Allah's Apostle began to fight and slay them. Their defeat was due to throwing (of dust) by the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Then Allah sent: 'And thou threwest not...but Allah threw (it). (Ibn Jarir)

Anas bin Malik narrated, Abu Jahal said: O Allah! If it is the truth from you, then you throw on us the pebbles from the sky, or bring on us a painful torture, then the verse hereunder was sent: But Allah would not punish them while thou (Muhammad) was with them, nor he will punish them while they seek forgiveness. (8/33).

From the above verse we infer that it was decreed by Allah the Almighty that a general torment would not descent upon the polytheists during the life time of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) but Allah showed them this miracle that handful of dust entered the eyes of all the polytheists ranging one thousand in number at the Battle of Badr while they rubbed their eyes. The Muslims took them on their swords and they were all routed and fled away from the battlefield.

One should take warning by looking into, that Abu Jahl was given what he had demanded, the small pebbles thrown by the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) darted into his eyes and he was killed by two boys they were the sons of 'Afara'. (Al Bukhari)

Ibn Kathir Said: Arwah, Akramah, Mujahid, Muhammad Bin Kaab, Muhammad Bin Qais, Qatadah, and Ibn Zaid etc., say that the verse 'Thou threwest not...but Allah threw (it)' had its descent on the Day of Badr. But the same act (i.e. the Miracle of throwing of dust) was certainly done by the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) again in the invasion of Hunain. (A place between Makkah and Taif). (Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya)

The conquest of Makkah was in 8th Hijrah (630 C.E). The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- pardoned all the enemies and they entered the fold of Islam. So peace prevailed in Makkah. He was informed that the men from the tribe of Hawazin had gathered to fight him and with them are tribes of Banu Thaqif, Banu Jasham, Banu Saad Bin Bakar, And Auza From Banu Hilal etc.

The Apostle of Allah left Makkah with ten thousand fighters who were with him from Madinah. He was also accompanied with two thousand new Muslims from among Makkans. The Muslim army entered the valley of Huneyn. The enemy force was lying in ambush on the slopes on both sides of the valley. The enemy showering arrows rushed down from the slopes and took Muslim fighters on their spears and swords. The sudden attack put the Muslims into confusion and they took to their heels. God mentioned the fight of Muslims saying:

Then you turn back in flight. (9/25)

Only the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) with eighty men remained facing the enemy from both sides. (Ibn Masud/Al-Baihaqui)

Anas asked Albara bin Azib (radhi Allah anhuma), O Abu Amarah! Had you fled away leaving the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) behind? He said: but the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) did not flee...I saw Allah's Apostle riding a white mule and was saying loudly:

There is no falsehood in my being a Prophet. I am the son of Abdul Muttalib.

Ibn Kahtir said: "The Apostle of Allah gave us an example of marvelous chivalry. During the heat of the battle when his men had fled, he was facing thousands with a hand full of men on mount which could not be made to run fast nor it was quite fit for using in fight. Yet he was pushing it forward in face of them and making himself known to all loudly while fighting them.

This was because that he reposed his trust in Allah and was sure that He would give him victory." (Ibn Kathir)

THE MIRACLE AND THE TRIUMPH

Stating the precarious state of battle and the heavenly aid of the Muslims the Quran said:

Allah hath given you triumph on many fields and on the day of Huneyn, when ye exulted in your multitude but it availed you naught, and the earth vast as it is straitened unto you, then ye turned back in flight. Then Allah sent His peace of reassurance down upon His Apostle and upon the believers and He sent down the force that ye did not see and chastised those who disbelieved such is the reward of infidels.

Ibn Kathir said: "Only eighty or hundred men had stood with him among them were Abu Bakar, Omar, Al Abbas, Ali, Al Fadhal bin Abbas, Abu Sufyan bin Alharith, Aymen bin Umme Aymen and Osama bin Zaid etc. (radiallah anhum). Then Allah's Apostle asked his uncle Al Abbas who had a deep resonant sound to call the companions of the Tree (=the men who had taken the pledge of allegiance before The Treaty of Hdaybiya)...when they heard the voice they returned immediately saying 'Labbyak' (here I am at your service). Allah's Apostle was also calling saying: Come to me O slave of Allah! I am Apostle of Allah. The people gathered around him. Then he commanded them to attack praying: Fulfill what Thou had promised. Then he picked up a handful of dust and threw it. None was left among them but he had his eyes and mouth filled with it, that refrained them from the fight and they were defeated and routed."

Al Abbas narrated: On the day of Huneyn I was with the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam-, I and Abu Sufyan bin al Harith never departed Allah's Apostle (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) who was on the white mule. When the Muslims faced the polytheists, the Muslims fled away. The Apostle of Allah advanced his mule towards the infidels. I was holding its bridle and Abu Sufyan was on the other side. Allah's Apostle asked me to call the companions of Samra (-Tree). When they heard my voice they returned as a cow returns to his young ones saying 'Labbyak'. Then call was given to 'Ansar' (Medinites), and then call was given to Banu Harith bin Al-Khizraj. The Allah's Apostle led the attack and said: now the battles front is hot. Allah's Apostle picked up the small pebbles and he threw them towards the infidels and said: By the Lord of Kaaba they have been defeated. I saw the battle as it was, but everyone (among the enemy) looked exhausted by the throw of Allah's Apostle, and they took to flight, Allah defeated them. (Ahmad, Muslim, Al Nasai)

There are many traditions which narrate this miracle, and it is for certain that this miracle occurred twice, once in the Battle of Badr and then in the invasion of Huneyn. The Quran itself stated the occurrence of this miracle at Badr. The grandeur of a miracle is that it seems the act of an Apostle but in reality, it is the demonstration of the Supreme Omnipotence of Allah beyond nature. That is why Allah said that 'He gave you triumph by sending down the forces that ye did not see.' So the dust or small pebbles was apparently thrown by the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) but Allah's Omnipotence or his hidden forces filled it into the enemy's eyes.

Imam Ibn Al Qayyam Aljouziya said: The verse 'Thou threwest not... but Allah threw it' points out to one of the greatest miracles of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam)... The handful of dust which the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) threw, Allah made it to dart into the faces (eyes) of all the pagans. (Ailam Al Muwaqqayeen Vol.2.p.297)

Imam Ibn Qayyam's calling it one of the greatest miracles is perfectly correct. We get a description of the miracle of the other prophets in the Quran but none among them was favoured with such a miracle. To defeat an enemy well armed three fold in power by a handful of dust thrown by the Prophet's hand at Badr is certainly the demonstration of Supreme Power of the Omnipotent. Similarly after the retreat of the Muslim forces which had been routed in Huneyn, Allah made them to triumph by a handful of dust thrown by the Blessed Hand of the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is an amazing miracle, and twice its occurrence is a marked distinction of Our Apostle (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) over other prophets.

THE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (SALLALLAHO ALAIHI WASALLAM- FROM THE DEADLY FOES' SIGHT

It is preceded that the Islamic Scholars have counted ten thousand miracles of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) from the Quran. Over and above, his life is full of miracles. However, among the miracles, which the Quran has specially mentioned is his vanishing from the sight of his foes who had surrounded his house to kill him. The Quran said:

And recall when those who disbelieves plot against thee. To confine thee or to slay thee, or to drive thee forth; they plot but Allah (also) makes a stratagem but the best of stratagem makers is God. (8/30)

All the Arab commentators have reported the narrative of Abdullah bin Abbas, which covers all the details of the event, referred in the aforementioned verse:

When Qureysh saw that a group is formed for the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and he has found companions in a city other then Makkah and they saw the immigration of his companions (to Medinah) and there they have come into power and strength. They feared the immigration of Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) towards them and joining them he will wage a war against them. So they assembled in the council house i.e. for consultations in the affair of the Apostle of Allah.

The Satan came dressing gracefully in the shape of Sheikh Najd at the door (of the council house).

when questioned: 'I am the Sheikh of the people of Najd.' (Imam Suhaili said that he pretended to the Sheikh Najd because Qureysh had decided not to enter any one from Tihama). He said: 'I have come to hear what you say, may you not be devoid of my advice. 'They said: Come in. When consultations started Abul Bakhtari bin Hisham said: Clad him in iron, and confine him then wait, as was done with Zahid and Nabgha till they met their Doom. Sheikh Najd said: By God I do not agree with this opinion. If you do this, his companions will over power you and get him freed. Devise some other plot.

Abul Aswad bin Rabia said: Banish him from our land, when he goes out we are least to worry where does he go. If he is gone we will be free from him. Sheikh Najd said: By God I don't agree with this opinion. Didn't you see his beautiful eloquence and sweet logic and his conquering of the heart of the people. If you did so, he will won few tribes of Arab (on his side)...then he will over power you. You devise some other plot.

Abu Jahal said: In this matter I have an opinion, you may examine it.

They said: What is that? O Abu Hakam!

He said: I see, we should take from every tribe a young man of noble decent, we should give every young man a sharp cutting sword, then we go to him, and attack on him with our swords at a time, and kill him, and thus get rid of him. If we did it, his blood money will be divided among all the tribes and Banu Abd Manaf wont be able to take revenge from all the tribes.

Sheikh Najd said: Whatever the man said. This is my opinion too. I don't see any thing better than it. Agreeing to this plot the people dispersed on it.

Gabriel (alaihi alsalam) came to the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- and said you do not sleep in your bed tonight.

When the gloom overtook the night they gathered on his door for surveillance waiting for him to sleep so that they might leap to assassinate him.

And when Allah's Apostle (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- saw them gathered, he asked Ali bin Abitalib (radhi Allah anho) to sleep in his bed and pull over himself his green sheet. He said: No harm will be done to him. The Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) came out with a handful of dust, and threw it over their heads. Allah took away their sight from him and he passed through them reciting:

Yasin. By the Quran full of wisdom. Thou art indeed one of the Apostles... And We have placed against them a barrier and behind them a barrier and thus We have covered them so that they do not see. (36/1-9)

None among them was left but has had dust on his head. A man who was not with them came and asked: What are you waiting for? They said: Muhammad. He said: Allah let you down, Muhammad passed through you, throwing dust on the heads of all of you. Everyone found dust on his head. But when they peeped through they said: By Allah, it is Muhammad who is asleep with his sheet. They did not depart till morning to find Ali (radhi Allah anho) got up from his bed. (Ibn Hisham)

The revelation, 'And recall when those who disbelieve plot against thee, to confine thee' this was suggested by Abu Bakhtari, or to slay thee, this was suggested by Abu Jahal, 'or to drive thee forth', this was suggested by Abul Aswad bin Rabia. However, the aforementioned narrative covers all the details of the revelation and we come to the conclusion that the dust was thrown by the blessed hand of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). But Allah made the infidels blind to see His Prophet and he passed through them this is what the revelation said: They plot but Allah also makes a stratagem but the best of stratagem maker is God. This way Allah saved his Prophet from the bloody hands of the plotters and made Islam to flourish all over the world.

His vanishing from sight had occurred before the above said event too. Ibn Kathir and Seouti have narrated the traditions relating to that event and explaining the verse:

And when thou recitest the Quran, We place between thee and those who believe not in the Hereafter, a hidden barrier. (17/45)

Asma daughter of Abu Baker (radhi Allah anhuma) narrated, after the descent of "Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he, his riches availed him not, nor what he earned. He will be plunged in flaming fire, and his wife the would carrier will have upon her neck a halter of palm fibre. (When wife of Abu Lahab), Aura Umma Jamil (heard of the above verses) she came howling with a stone in her hand towards Abu Bakar saying: We rejected the dispraiser.

and we abhor his religion

and we denounce his order.

At that, hour Allah's Apostle was sitting beside Abu Bakar. Abu Bakar said to the Prophet: I fear she will see you. The Prophet said: She will not see me and he recited the verse.' And when thou recitest the Quran. We place between thee and those who disbelieve... a hidden barrier.' She came and stood before Abu Bakar and she did not see the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). She said: I have been told that your friend mocked at me.

Abu Bakar said: By the Lord of this house! He did not ridicule you. (The revelation 'Perish the two hands...' being from the Lord and not by Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). Then departing she said: Qureysh know that I am daughter of their chief. (Abu Noaim, Abu Yala, Ibn Abi Hatim, Albaihaquui).

In a report of Ibn Mardoya narrated from Abu Bakar (radhi Allah anho) it is also found that the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: Gabriel stood me and between that woman.

It is preceded that occurrence of superhuman event at the hands of a prophet are miracles, (See, What is a miracle?), or description of such facts by the blessed tongue of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) forming part of the Holy Quran which were denied but after thousand years or so were proved true by the progress made by science are also miracles. (See, Index of this volume). All these facts are the signs of his prophet-hood and that the Quran is God's Book and none among mankind and Jinn can produce even the three verses like that of the Quran, it is a standing challenge till the Hour in proof of the prophet-hood of Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam).

However, the disappearance of the Prophet from the sight of Umme Jamil, the wife of Abu Lahab was to keep the dignity of the relation between her and the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam- because she was his aunt, and at the same time, Allah protected him from her intended malice. On the inquisitiveness of Abu Bakar, he told him that she would not see him. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) was hidden and apparent at the same time. He was hidden from the eyes of Umme Jamil and apparent to Abu Bakar, so this miracle has a special peculiarity of which the Quran spoke.

Similarly, when Qureysh conspired to kill the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) Allah made him to cross through their bloodthirsty unsheathed swords. 'Their sparkling eyes could see everything except that they utterly failed to see the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) passing through them.

In a report, all those who had surrounded the Prophet's house to assassinate him were killed in the Battle of Badr. In the same manner, Allah shall continue to efface the intriguers against Islam.

THE SARCASTIC REMARK ON THE PERSONALITY OF ABU BAKAR (RADHI ALLAH ANHO) AND ITS REPLY FROM THE QURAN

One among the Shia said to me: "Who is more excelling, the one who passed the night (Ali) or the one who was afraid while hiding with the Prophet in the cave of Thur.

To us Ali son of Abitalib was a very brave Muslim who had entered the fold of Islam before puberty and had complete faith in the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). In the narrative of Abdullah bin Abbas (See. The Disappearance of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) From the Deadly Foes' Sight), it is quite evident that the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) desired from Ali to sleep in his bed telling him that no harm will be done to him, while Qureysh were surrounding his house. He had also told him to come to Medinah after giving away the things of the people put in trust with the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam).

What more security there can be for a Muslim that the Prophet of God himself told him that he would remain in safety and would join him at Medinah.

So far Abu Bakar (radhi Allah anho) is concerned, the Prophet of Allah coming out of his house went to Abu Bakar who departed with him to the cave of Thur. they both took refuge therein. The Quran stated it:

When those who disbelieve drove him forth (i.e. the Prophet) the second of the two (Abu Bakar); when they two were in the cave, When he said unto his companion: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. (9/40)

The Quran used the words 'La tahzan' (=grieve not). The word is 'hazana' it means: "He grieved, mourned, lamented, was sorrowful, sad, unhappy." (Lane's Lexicon Arabic-English). The word 'hazan' never means fear. But A.Yusuf Ali a Bohri-Shia to let down the character of Abu Bakar (radhi Allah anho) as is usual under Shia mythology translated it 'fear' and wrote: "Have no fear for God is with us." I can hold him for being dishonest with the Quran in distorting its meaning.

This word 'La tahzan' is used in the verse: 15/88, 16/127, 20/40, 27/70 & 29/33, on all these places A.Yusuf Ali translated this word with 'Grieve' but when it came to Abu Bakar, he translated it with the word 'fear'. The words 'La takhaf wa la tahzan' have separate meanings. The Quran used both these words together. A.Yusuf Ali himself translated them, 'Fear thou not nor grieve' (29/33). That proves his dishonesty with the Quran to support his Shia belief.

However, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said to Abu Bakar in the small cave, which still can accommodate only two persons in the position of sitting "Grieve not Lo! Allah is with us." The grief is opposite of happiness. Abu Bakar (radiallah anho) was sad thinking lest Qureysh be able to harm the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam). The target of Qureysh was the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and not Abu Bakar (radhiallah anho). Even the daughter of Abu Bakar Asma was so fearless that she daily (for 3 days) went alone crossing the ascending hilly track to provide them food.

The internal condition of Abu Bakar was that of grief, so the Quran used the word 'hazan' whereas Moses who accidentally had killed a man got away fearing. The Quran used the word 'khaif' for him and said:

So he escaped from there fearing watchful. (28/21).

Further the verse: "The second of the two' when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his companion: Grieve not Lo! Allah is with us," proves the virtues of Abu Bakar. (See. The virtues of Abu Bakar in the Quran. Nabi Al Anbia Vol. II. Urdu)

If we further look into another episode of Moses, we can better understand the meanings of 'Innallah ma'ana' (=Lo! Allah is with us). When Moses and his men came in sight of Pharoah and his forces, they said: "Lo! we are indeed caught.

He (Moses) said: Nay, verily! Lo! My Lord is with me. He will guide me. (26/61-62)

Moses said: "My Lord is with me." He did not say, my Lord is with us. Why? Because Jews wavered in their faith with Moses, so their deliverance from Pharoah was not due to their own deeds but because of their prophet only. Whereas Abu Bakar had given away all for the cause of Islam. Therefore, Allah's help was on both of them, so the Quran said: Grieve not, Lo! Allah is with us. We can hold that the Quran disproved the sarcasm of Shiites on Abu Bakar (radhiallah anho).