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Chapter III

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Islam repudiates delfication

DEIFICATION GIVEN A FINAL BLOW

God is from all eternity and everlasting, no change happens in Him. Whereas all the things which are made of matter or material or any of the four elements, not only change in shape but also perish in death, the human body is therefore, unfit to hold Godhood, as God never changes, nor He can ever perish, and since all the Prophets were human beings and therefore, they were unfit to be deified. Drawing attention to this universal fact God says:-

"Nor did We give them (the prophets) Bodies that ate no food, Nor were they everlasting. (21/8)

After sketching the contrast between God and men the Holy Quran proceeds further, and brushes off all conceptions attributing human body to Godhood:-

"No vision can grasp Him. But His grasp is over all vision He is above all comprehension He is the subtle, the Aware. (6/103).

Human eye can glance any formation made by matter or any of the four elements, and human body can never be imperceptible. God in the above revelation of Holy Quran tells us that He is so subtle that He is invisible to the physical eye, so fine as not to be perceived through five senses figuratively, so pure as to be above the mental or spiritual vision of men, and that human intellect just fails to encompass any knowledge about Him, as He is incomprehensible. But He Himself is so perfect with sight that He sees finest subtleties and mysteries, any thing however finest it may be, can never hide from Him. The above revelation reporting of God being invisible is further testified by the event of Moses when he requested:-

"He said:" 0 my Lord! Show (Thyself) to me, That I may look upon Thee."

God said,

"By no means Canst thou see Me (direct) But look upon the mount; If it abides. In its place then Shall thou see Me." When His Lord manifested His Glory on the mount, He made it as dust, And Moses fell down In a swoon. When he Recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to Thee! To Thee I turn in repentance, and I Am the first to believe." (7/143).

We can draw the following conclusions from the above event:-

1. God has no body.

2. Human body is not only unfit to hold Godhood but also it cannot even look towards His Glory.

3. As human body is only an insignificant speck in God's spacious creation, Moses was, therefore, told to look towards the mount which may be considered to be more solid, strong and resistant.

4. Even the reflected Glory of God is too great for grosser substance of matter.

5. The Ineffable Glory made the mountain to be the powder dust.

6. Moses fell down senseless.

7 Had His Glory been revealed directly towards Moses, he would have burnt down to ashes.

8. Moses saw the true position that grosser bodily senses can't withstand to the Splendor of God's Glory, and he, therefore, turned in penitence to God, for making a mistaken request which ought to have not been made by him.

In a tradition narrated by Anas, the Holy Prophet (peace on him) reciting the verse, "When His Lord revealed His Glory," pointed from his thumb to the phalanx of his little finger, and said that due to this much of Glory (meaning very nominal Glory) the mount became dust. ( Ibn Jarir).

Abdullah bin Salam and Kaab Ahbar the famous priest and Rabbi who embraced Islam said, that Glory revealed on mount (Sinai) was not more than a mouth of a needle yet it sent it (mount) crashing down to dust. (Tafsir Baghvi).

The Holy prophet Muhammad bin Abdullah (peace on him) said," 1 God has seventy thousand veils of light and darkness, if He were to withdraw these curtains, the splendours of His Aspect would consume surely every one who apprehended Him with His sight. (MishkatuI Anwar by Ghazali)

Sahal binSaad Sadi companion of Holy Prophet, said, "that quantum of Glory shown by Allah from 70 thousand veils of light was only about a dirham (a small Arab Coin) meaning very nominal which turned that part of the mount (Sinai) in small particles of dust i.e. levelled to the ground" (Tafsir Khazin)

Abdullah bin Abbas narrated, The Holy Prophet, peace-on him, recited the verse '0 my Lord show thyself to me,' and said, that Allah said to him,' 0 Moses see me no alive but dies, and (see me) nothing dry but destroys, and (see me) nothing moist but splits, the owners of Garden (paradise) will see me whose eyes shall never perish and their bodies shall never decay.' (Dur-AI-Manthur)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa, peace on him in Miraj (Bodily Ascension) was miraculously transported in a joumey*1 by night, from Harem (Sacred Mosque of Mecca) to the seat of earlier revelations*2 and then taken through seven heavens even to the (figurative) Sublime Throne. God dignified His servant (the Holy Prophet) with His Aspect. Abdullah bin Abbas*3 said, "the Holy Prophet saw His Lord the Blessed and Most Sublime of course the curtains of light were veiling His Glory. But if Allah reveals His Glory no eyes could see Him."

The Holy Prophets visioning of God comes within the preview of the miracle, a special eminence conferred on him by God Himself and was therefore, an only exception, otherwise no human eye can behold ' His Vision. (see vol. 2 The Bodily Ascent of the Prophet )

In contradiction to the dogma of Incarnation, the Holy Quran guides that:

"God is the light of heavens and earth." (24/35)

As we can only think of God in term, of our phenomenal experience and in the phenomenal world, light is the purest thing we know, therefore, satisfying the human instinct of knowing the unknown, the Quran tells that He is the Light of heaven and earth. But the physical light has its drawbacks incidental to its physical nature for, e.g

1. It is dependent on the source external to itself.

2. That external source on which it depends is divisible.

3. It is passing phenomenon, if we take it to be a form of motion or energy, it is unstable like all physical phenomena.

4. It is apprehended with colour.

5. It is dependent on space and time.

6. Its speed is 186,000 miles per second and there are stars whose light takes thousands of light years before it reaches the earth.

Due to these drawbacks the word light can never be held to give correct meaning of the Holy Verse referred to above. Some people differentiate the physical light with true light, but yet the word true light does not conform to the known qualities of God, as a matter of fact, no words are adequate to describe Him.

However the verse 'God is Light' undoubtedly directs us that God can never be a human body as both stand in contrast to each other and deification is an obvious concoction having no bearing in Islam. The words suggesting face for Him, only means His Aspect and hands means His Grip over all things, and eyes mean He perceives all things. This is the basic belief of Islam that God has no shape, no colour, no width, no length, and nothing is like unto Him.

LAMMERTINE

The immateriality of God asserted by Islam has even been .acknowledged by Non-Muslim Scholars. La'mertine*1 one of the greatest poets of France," paying a glowing tribute to Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa, peace on him, says:-

"If greatness of purpose, smallness of means and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great men in modern history to Muhammad? The most famous men created arm, laws, and empires only. They founded, if any thing at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples, and dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars the gods, the religions, the ideas, the belief and the souls. On the basis of a Book, every letter of which has become law, he created a spiritual nationality which has blended together peoples of every tongue and of every race. He has left to us the indelible characteristic of this Muslim Nationality, the hatred of false gods and the passion for one and immaterial God. This avenging against the profanation of Heaven formed the virtue of the followers of Muhammad: the conquest of one-third of the earth to his dogma was his miracle; of rather it was not the miracle of a man but that of reason. The idea of the unity of God proclaimed amidst the exhaustion of fabulous theogny was in itself such a miracle that upon its utterance from his lips it destroyed all the ancient temples of idols and set on fire one-third of the world. His life, his meditations, his heroic reviling against the superstitions of his country, and his boldness in defying the furies of idolatry; his firmness in enduring them for 15 years at Mecca, his acceptance of the role of public scorn and almost of being a victim of his fellow countrymen: all these and finally his incessant preaching, his wars against odds, his faith in his success and in his superhuman security in misfortune, his forbearance in victory, his ambition which was entirely devoted to one idea and in no manner striving for an empire; his endless prayer, his mystic conversations with God, his death and his triumph after death; all these attest not to an imposture but to a firm conviction. It was his conviction which gave him the power to restore a dogma. This dogma was two fold, the unity of God and the immateriality of God; the former telling what God is; the latter telling what God is not. 'Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is Muhammad! As regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask: is there any man greater than he?"

WHAT GOD IS?

As per Islamic teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah, God is unique and has no partner; Singular, without any one or any thing like Him; Uniform, having no contrary; Separate having no equal; Ancient, having no first; Everlasting having no end; Ever-existing, without ter mination; Perpetual and constant with neither interruption nor termination; Ever qualified with the attributes of supreme greatness; nor he is bound to be determined by lapse of ages or times. But He is the Alpha and Omega (the first and the last) and the Evident (as to His obvious existence), and the Hidden (as to His reality).

WHAT GOD IS NOT

He is not a formed body; nor does he resemble bodies, either in their being measurable or divisible. God is not a substance nor do substances exist in Him; He is immaterial, neither is He an accidental form, nor do accidents exist in Him. He is not like any thing that exists, neither does any thing resemble him. He is not determined by diamensions, nor contained within bounds; nor is He surrounded by sides; nor is He comprised within the heavens or earth. He is near to everything that has a being; nay. He is nearer to men than their jugular veins, and is witness to every thing, though His nearness is not like the nearness of bodies, neither His essence like the essence of bodies. He is now as He always existed. He is also distinct from his creatures by His attributes neither is there any thing besides Himself in His essence, nor is His essence in any other besides Him.

MALICIOUS MOTIVES OF THE IMPOSTORS

The Holy Quran and Sunnah so strongly repudiated the Dogmas of Deification or Incarnation or Anthropomorphism, that no room is left for any one to insert any such nonsense in the religion of Islam. Even the Non - Muslim scholars have acknowledged the immateriality of God as preached by Islam. It is, therefore, evident that Fard and Elijah Poole were involved in pernicious propaganda, against the tenets of Islam, exploiting the colour hatred, all the while working to serve their ends of gaining power and pelf, using the name of Islam to cover their motives.

  1. The Holy Quran refutes the crucifixion of Jesus in the following words; And our command is but a single (Act) like the twinkling of an eye. (54/50)
  2. After his bodily descent from heaven Jesus will live to marry, and have children.
  3. He will die and be buried with the grave of Holy Prophet Muhammad son of Abdullah, peace on them,. (Tradition from Mishkat by Abdullah bin Omar).
  4. 'The Quadiani Pretender claimed Godhood, see pant III of this book.
  5. The faithfuls will look to the glory of their Lord (See 75/ 22, 23).
  6. The curtain of time or separation of space never could deter the Will of God, and the Miraj was His special favour to Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa, peace on him.
  7. Jerusalem.
  8. Dur-ul-Manthur.
  9. Lamertine, Historie de la-Turquie, Vol. II, pp 276, 277; 'Quoted by Dr. Zaki Ali in his t book Islam in the world.'