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Chapter VI

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The Last Meccan Prophet (peace be upon him) & the Liars

THE HOLY PROPHETS PATTERN OR SUNNAH

More over the Holy Quran is not only a book of Knowledge but it is a constitution to be enforced in all fields of life, and the life of Muhammad-ur-Rasool -Allah, peace be on him, is the practical demonstration of its enforcement. He molded the life of his people on the Quranic order and ruled as per commandments of Holy Quran. If we keep aside that practical life of the Holy Prophet and attempt to interpret the orders of Holy Quran in our own way, every order will be contested, In consequence thereof we shall be thrown into utter darkness not leading us to any where. It is why that the practical life of the Apostle of Allah is incumbent on every one to follow, and it is that guiding force which led the Muslims for the last 14 hundred years and it shall lead as such till Doomsday. Since the true practical picture of the Quranic order has been presented by the Apostle of Allah, peace be on him, so Holy Quran directed the believers to follow the pattern of him:

"Ye have indeed In the Apostle of God A beautiful pattern (of conduct) For any one whose hope is In God and Final Day. (33/21).

The Quran ordered for Hajj, prayers, fasting and Zakat, life of the Apostle of Allah Muhammad Mustafa, peace be on him, offered its practical pattern, Quran gave directions of Jihad, the Holy Prophet, gave its practical demonstration by masterly leading his people in tactics of war, in the field of war and after war, his preparations for war, his holding fast to his treaties, his standing against all odds offered by the enemies of Islam, his unequivocal qualities of pardoning his enemies, his behaviour with Muslims and non-Muslims, on the principles of justice and equity, his institution of penal code, his establishing of the rules of justice his marital life, his private and public dealings, his evolving of fair trades methods, and non-interest bearing monetary system*1 and his determination of state obligations and including feeding every deserving person, his daily life, his manners of walking, sitting and talking and lastly practicing of the cleanest methods in maintaining the cleanliness of body including ablution before prayers, are all patterns to be followed by the believers, as they conform to Quranic order and are the details of the synopses given by Holy Quran.

From the above citations, it is established undeniably, that the only fit person to give the exegesis of the Holy Quran can be no other man except the Holy Prophet (Muhammad-ur-Rasul-Allah, peace on him,) himself. To whom this Holy Quran is revealed, the only man who stood in communion with God, and God blessed him with full knowledge of ins and outs of each of the revelation including circumstances under which it was revealed and its objectives. It is why God directed the Holy Prophet, peace on him, to explain clearly to the people, the Holy Quran:

We have revealed unto thee the remembrance (the Holy Quran) that thou mayst explain to mankind that which hath been revealed for them that they may give thought." (16/44)

The above revelation that 'thou mayst explain to mankind,' shows that every person is unable to apprehend the revelations. It is not because that Holy Book has any inadequacies but because that people have inadequate knowledge and that they are bound to falter in judgment while conceiving an explanation of the synopsis in the Holy Book.

Yet another reason in directing the Holy Prophet to explain the Holy Verses is to safeguard the real meaning of the text from false interpolations and tempering by the miscreants in future. It is, therefore, not left on the people to conceive any exegesis of the Holy revelations but it was made obligatory on the Messenger to give a detail account of every thing envisaged in the revelation, as he was the only person who was well conversed in God's ways and understood every internal or external meanings implied in the verses and with this main objective the Messenger was sent with. This verse with a clear directive is sufficient to make the believers accept with their heart and soul every utterance of the Holy Prophet, peace on him, They are bow in submission joyfully acknowledging every word given as exegesis to any revelation or otherwise by the Apostle of Allah, peace on him, however, there are other directives guiding the believer to obey:

And whatsoever the Messenger giveth you, take it. And whatsoever he forbiddeth you abstain from it." (59/7).

'Bukhari' and 'Muslim reported, Abu-Huraira narrated, that Apostle of Allah, peace on him, said, When I give you any order, you obey it to your nerves, and when I forbid you from any thing, you should avoid it."

In a tradition reported by Ibn Abi Hatim, Abdullah Ibn Masud when questioned on a particular matter, he referred to the above verse, explaining that it applies to all good acts and prohibitions laid down by the Holy Prophet, peace on him. We get another directive in the Holy Quran:

"We have sent down To thee the Book in Truth That thou mightest judge Between men, as guided By Allah. (4/105).

The opinion of the Holy Prophet, peace on him, has that special privilege of being guided by Allah Himself and therefore, only miscreants can divert from it.

On difference of opinion the believers are guided to obey the Holy Prophet, peace on him.

"0 ye who believe Obey Allah, and obey the Apostle, And those charged With authority among you. If ye differ in anything

Among yourselves, refer it To Allah and His Apostle, If ye do believe in Allah And the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable For final determination." (4/59).

Referring to Allah means referring to His Book, and referring to His Apostle means, refer to his Sunnah or traditions, (Jama-Bayan-al-Ilm Vol, 2. p. 187). That is to say that we have to obey the Apostle of Allah, peace on him, through his Sunnah and traditions, and obey the one who is acting on the authority of Holy Quran and Sunnah and not otherwise.

In another revelation the believers are told that their faith is not accomplished till they find in their inmost souls no difficulty and no resistance in adhering to every accord given to them through Sunnah and tradition, not only that but they should feel a joyful acceptance for Sunnah springing from the conviction of their own faith:

"But no, by thy Lord, They can have No (real) Faith, Until they make thee judge In all disputes between them,

And find in their souls No resistence against Thy decision, but accept Them with the fullest conviction." (4/65).

Muslims are ordered to surrender in obedience before God and the Holv Prophet, peace on him:

"It is not fitting For a believer, man or woman, When a matter has been decided. By Allah and His Apostle, To have any opinion About their decision: If any one disobeys Allah And his Apostle, he is indeed On a clearly wrong path." (33/36).

Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir referring to Ibn Juraij, quoted: Ibn Abbas was asked if two rakat from Salat (prayers) can be offered after main Asar prayers. He forbade from it and recited the above Verse of Holy Quran. After this quotation Ibn Kathir writes: That this verse has a general application on all the matters, i.e. when God and His Prophet directed for anything, nobody has any right to oppose, nor any option to make, neither he can comment conversely and nor can he give any opinion.

Further to make the Believers firm in their faith and conviction. God said:

And if the Apostle Were to invent Any sayings in our name, We should certainly seize him By his right hand, And we should certainly Then cut off the artery Of his heart: Nor could any of you Withhold him (From our wrath). (69/44-47).

Ibn Kathir said in his Tafsir, "Had Muhammad Mustafa, peace on him, invented any false saying on Allah as held by the infidels, or attributed to God any of his own sayings, in that case, Allah would have been quick to torture him, and finished his life by cutting his artery. That means that he is truthful, following the right path because God appointed him to deliver the Message and strengthened him with dazzling miracles and finally established facts."

The preceding references of the Quran establish only that man can follow the Quran who follows the Prophet. To deny the Prophet is to deny the Quran

There is another verse telling that Apostle of Allah never spoke but the Will of God:

Nor doth he speak of his own desire. It is naught save an inspiration that is inspired."(53/3 to 4).

In a tradition recorded by 'Abu Dawood,' it is reported that it was the habit of Abdullah bin Amar to write down whatever he heard from the Holy Prophet (peace be on him). Few among the Quraish stopped him saying that some times the Holy Prophet is enraged and sometimes pleased and you write every thing, Abdullah Bin Amar left writing and stated the matter to Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet pointing towards his mouth said: What is spoken from it is correct and right and you continue writing.

In another verse we get a clear commandment of Allah:

"We sent not an Apostle But to be obeyed in accordance With the Will of God? (4/64)
Telling the criteria of obedience the Holy Quran states:- "Whoso obeyeth, the Messenger, Obeyeth Allah." (4/80).

We on ourselves cannot evolve the criteria of obedience, the obedience to God means, a complete submission before the will of the Holy Prophet (peace on him).

The English Poet Tennyson sketches obedience in his famous poem 'Charge of the Light Brigade,' "Theirs not to reason why

Theirs not to make reply Theirs but to do and die."

That was the obedience which Muslims developed as a result of their most firm conviction in faith in the very inception of Islam. The severest tortures of Quraish including canning, dragging of body on sun hot boulders and even burning could not deviate them from their belief in God the Unique and the Holy Prophet. They knew nothing except obedience to the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) who never spoke but the will of God. The Holy Book in itself bore testimony to this fact.

Recapitulating from the above chain of citations from Holy Quran we conclude the following:-

  1. The Holy Prophet Muhammad -ur-Rasool-Allah (peace be on him) acquainted us with God and that what He is and what He is not.
  2. The obedience of the Holy Prophet is the obedience of God the Unique.
  3. Teaching of the Scripture is the duty of the Holy Prophet.
  4. Even the companions of the Holy Prophet could not understand the Scripture but through the words of the Holy Prophet.
  5. Many verses could have never been understood, had the Holy Prophet not given any details for them.
  6. Practical picture of Quranic Order is presented in the life of the Holy Prophet (peace be on him).
  7. The words of the Holy Prophet are to be accepted without any hesitation otherwise the believer will turn into an apostate.
  8. All the sayings of the Holy Prophet have the sanctity of guidance by Allah.
  9. The Holy Prophet did not speak but the Will of God.
  10. There can be no opinion when we have the verdict of the Holy Prophet on any matter.
  11. God made it obligatory on the Holy Prophet to explain the Holy verses or revelations.
  12. Lastly to deny the Sunnah or Hadith is to deny the Quran.

The above directions of the The Holy Quran don't leave any atom of doubt in describing the indispensability of traditions in explaining not only the revelations but also all the aspects of human life. Thus the Holy Quran gave a clear directive for the preservation* 1 of Hadith (tradtions), as it is only through traditions we can obey the Holy Prophet (peace on him) him), and " whoso obeyeth the Apostle of Allah obeyth God," and conversely who refuses to obey the Hadith (traditions) disobeys the Holy Prophet and therefore, disobeys Allah and denies the Quran. That is why that it has been unanimously held by the Islamic Polity that one who denies sunnah is an apostate.

Having known the inevitability of the Sunnah (Hadith) and that God made it the duty of. the Holy Prophet (peace on him) to explain the revelations, we revert back to the revelation quoted in the beginning of the chapter:

"Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Apostle of Allah and the very last of the Prophets and Allah is Omniscient of All." (33/40)

  1. For details see part 2 of this book.
  2. How masterly the traditions or Habith have been preserved this I have discussed See part III chapter 1 'The National Evidence.'
  3. An agreed tradition
  4. I have discussed these Liars in more detail in my book Nabi-AL-Anbiya" See part IV of this book.f